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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1874

[Oregon],   pp. 317-326 PDF (5.0 MB)

Page 318

ligious duties. The majority are members of the church, punctual in their
conform to its teachings by their daily lives, and observe its requirements
in their mar- 
riages and baptisms. These results have been mainly accomplished by the assiduous
of the missionary of the reservation, Rev. A. J. Croquet, who has labored
unceasingly for 
fifteen years with these Indians. The results attained show how much can
be done by 
the efforts of one man animated by an unselfish and noble purpose. 
As with the end of the present fiscal year all the treaties made by the Government
these Indians expire, they manifest considerable anxiety as to the purpose
of the Govern- 
ment toward them in the future. They fally understand the fact that, with
the termination 
of their treaties, they have no legal claim for assistance on the part of
the Government, and 
many of them can get along without it. Yet their resources are so limited
that to continue 
to aid them for at least two years more will result in their being able to
sustain themselves 
from that time unaided. 
By reference to statistics, herewith sent, you will notice that the principal
products of the 
reservation are wheat and oats, and but little attention has been paid to
stock-raising, though 
they do more now than formerly in that pursuit. I have endeavored to encourage
the In- 
dians in raising improved breeds of cattle, horses, and sheep, and am confident
that the next 
year or two will witness a largely increased business in that line. 
The schools of this agency were placed in charge of the Sisters last April.
Their efforts 
have been attended with the most beneficial results-an increased attendance,
a marked irn- 
provement in the manners and habits of the children, increased desire on
the part of the 
children to remain at school, and on the part of their parents to have them.
The Sisters- 
four in number-devote their entire time to the care of the children, now
numbering an av- 
erage attendance of 45. The girls, in addition to their regular studies,
are taught needle- 
work, house-work, &c.; the boys work in the garden, milk cows, saw wool,
and do the 
labor of the school, and thus acquire habits of industry which, with the
education they are 
getting, will qualify them for good citizens, useful and intelligent members
of society. In 
connection with this subject I desire to state the imperative necessity of
a new building suit- 
able for a boarding-house for the children and their teachers. The building
now in use is 
about twenty years old, rotten, and not fit for use. I respectfully ask that
the sum of $2,500 
be assigned to this agency for the purpose of erecting a building suitable
for a boarding- 
house for the school. 
The only serious trouble of the year was occasioned by parties driving stock
to the south- 
western end of this reservation, under an agreement of Agent Fairchifd, approved
by the 
Department. The Indians are yet anxiously waiting the result of Inspector-General
Vandever's report on the subject. As I have so fully expressed my views in
previous cor- 
respondence, I will only add that time strengthens my opinion that no such
should continue. If the land is for rent the fact should be made public,
inviting competi- 
tion ; and if the Indians are to be benefited, let theni have the benefit
of the highest price 
from the highest responsible bidder. 
I desire to call the attention of the Indian Department to the Neztrucca,
Tilamook, and 
other tribes of Indians located on this reservation, who have never ceded
to the Govern- 
ment the lands upon which they have always lived, and the only assistance
they have 
received from the Department has been a small quantity of provisions at long
intervals ; 
they number about two hundred, and are anxious to be taught the pursuits
of civilized 
industry. During the past year I have assisted them in opening a road from
the agency to 
their part of the reserve- Neztrucca River. These Indians are as capable
of advancement, 
and are as deserving of assistance, as any Indians under the control of the
In the consideration of the appropriation for this agency, at least $3,000
should be assigned 
for the aid of these Indians. 
Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 
United States Indian Agent. 
Washington, D. C. 
September 1, 1874. 
SIR: In accordance with the requirements of the Department, I have the honor
to pre- 
sent this my annual report for the fiscal yearjust closed. 
It is with pleasure that I compare the condition of this agency at the present
date with 
what it was when I took charge, a little more than two years ago. Then no
effort had been 
made toward establishing schools; there were no school-buildings, the dwellings
for employes 
were wholly inadequate to their needs, the fund for the erection of mills
had been exhausted, 
and the mills far from completed, and through want of a proper representation
of the matter 
to the Department, or from carelessness or indifference on the part of the
Department, the 
labors of the Indians were being almost fruitlessly expended in trying to
make agricultural 

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