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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1874

[New Mexico],   pp. 300-311 PDF (5.7 MB)

Page 308

and regularly taken by the sick. and proper nourishment furnished to them
unless they are 
in a hospital. From my investigations during the year past, I am satisfied
that considerable 
of their superstitious "medicine" practice and the "pow-wows
" of the medicine-men are 
dying out, and faith in the white man's medicine increasing, and in order
that this may con- 
tinue and result in the improvement of the Indians physically and mentally,
I respectfully 
ask that the physician's salary be increased to $1,400 per annum, and that
a hospital be fur- 
nished, with a hospital-steward, at a salary of $60 per month, and the necessary
supply of 
proper medicines and food for the sick. 
Herewith I respectfully forward the agency-physician's report for the past
year, by which 
it will be seen that during the year 2,204 Indians received medical treatment.
Heretofore it has been difficult to obtain good employ6s at this agency,
owing to the fact 
that the compensation was not sufficient to induce good competent men and
women to leave 
civilization and come among savages to live. The late act of Congress, limiting
the coin- 
pensation of employes at agencies to $6,000, has rendered it necessary that
I should reduce 
the number of employes and decrease the pay of those that will remain ; this
will increase 
the difficulty mentioned above, and cause an additional amount of labor to
be performed 
by the agent, who has more to do now than one man should be required to periform,
cially as he is not allowed a clerk. I hope that arrangements will be made
during the next 
session of Congress to furnish the means to pay the necessary number of employes
at this 
agency, so that the various duties may be performed with promptness, and
the agent saved 
from a portion of the labor he is now compelled to perform, which should
be done by subor- 
dinates. This agency has in charge over nine thousand Indians, scattered
on a reservation 
ninety miles long and sixty miles wide, with about two thousand additional
Indians scat- 
tered on an extent of country one hundred and twenty miles square. The Government
not too soon take the necessary steps to compel those living off the reservation
to come under 
the charge of the agent. It should be decided who are to come on the reservation
and oc- 
cupy the suitable lands that can be found, so far as such lands will go,
in conformity 
with the treaty of 1868, and the remainder allowed to take lands belonging
to the Govern- 
inent where they now live. The treaty of 1868 provides for the location of
all the Navajoes, 
and it should be done at as early a day as possible; for this purpose the
chiefs will visit 
Washington shortly, and I do hope that it will result in a satisfactory arrangement
of this 
vexed question. 
The Navajoes are manufacturers as well as an agricultural and pastoral people,
being very 
skillful in the manufacture of blankets, wool, and silk-work, baskets, &c.,
and they display 
great art and ingenuity in the design of the various articles they make.
During the past 
year I have assisted them all I could, so as to increase the quantity of
these articles and 
encourage them to make them for sale. 
The number of animals at this agency has not been sufficient for the proper
cultivation of 
the land this year cultivated, and for the increase and improvement of the
cattle and sheep. 
With the new territory proposed to be added to the reservation on the south,
several good 
mules and work-oxen will be required; wagons, harness, and farming-implements
will be 
needed in this respect. I trust Congress will make an appropriation sufficient
to place the 
Indians on this reservation, in such a condition that we may accomplish all
the objects for 
which the reserve has been established, and thus make it a blessing to the
Indians and an 
honor to the Government. 
At the close of another year's acquaintance with the Navajo Nation, I feel
that the prog- 
ress made (since my last annual report) towards civilization is encouraging,
and leads me 
to express my firm belief in the ultimate success of the peace policy. 
1 have the honor to be, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 
W. F. M. ARNY, 
United States Agent Navajo Indians. 
Hon. E. P. SMITH, 
Commnissioner of Indian Affairs, Washington, D. C. 
Santa F6, New Mexico, September 15, 1874. 
SIR: I have the honor to present my second annual report of the condition
of the Pueblo 
Indians, of New Mexico. 
It affords me much pleasure to exhibit a very satisfactory state of affairs
in all matters 
pertaining to these Indians. During the past year it has been demonstrated
that the oppo- 
sition to schools, and advancement of these Indians in civilization, referred
to in last annual 

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