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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1874
([1874])

[New Mexico],   pp. 300-311 PDF (5.7 MB)


Page 302

302  REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER OF INDIAN AFFAIRS. 
the Apaches can be taught to work Jeffords is the man who can teach them.
Other things 
may be taught them later, when they have become accustomed to a life upon
a reservation. 
Expecting daily the death of Cochise, and being desirous to learn what might
be the-re- 
sult, I lingered near his camp until June 3, when I left on my return. Having
started late 
in the day, the night was passed at Sulphur Springs. On the morning of the
4th a war- 
party was seen approaching Sulphur Springs, and upon their arrival it was
found to consist 
of twenty-seven warriors under the command of Tozay. When asked their purpose,
we 
were informed that it had been ascertained that Cochise's illness was due
to the fact that an 
Indian of the Chiricahua band had bewitched him, and they were going for
the witch to 
compel him to cure their chief. The party were thoroughly armed, having among
them 
eight breech-loading guns, and all were well mounted. I asked what would
be the fate of 
the supposed witch if he failed to cure Cochise, and was told they would
hang him in a tree 
and burn him to death. There seemed no way of stopping them at the time,
and they went 
on to the other camp and secured their man, and returned with him firmly
tied upon his 
horse. The agent believed he could save his life at the proper time, and
I have no doubt 
did so. 
Four days after my departure, viz, June 8, Cochise died, and his son Tozay
became chief. 
The feeling of Tozay is as friendly toward the settlers as was his father;
but I fear he has 
not so much influence over the tribe. Of my return trip little need be said
; it was long, 
tedious, and fatiguing, and owing to high water in the Rio Grande, which
compelled me 
to travel over a country without roads for a considerable distance, and all
the way over- 
those not much traveled, progress was slow and difficult. 
Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 
L. EDWIN DUDLEY, 
Sitperintendent Indian A4fairs. 
Hon. E. P. SMITH, 
Commissioner Indian Affairs, Washingtun, D. C. 
WASHINGTON, D. C., October 27, 1874. 
SIR: Congress having failed at its last session to make provision for the
continuance of 
the New Mexico superintendency, I did not expect that I would be required
to submit an 
annual report for the last year, and have, therefore, neglected to do so.
From the 30th of September, 1873, the time up to which my last report described
the con-- 
dition of affairs, to the 30th of June of the present year, the time when
my office expired, 
there was no serious trouble from the Indians of New Mexico. In fact I am
not aware that 
a single white person was killed by the Indians of New Mexico while I was
in office. The 
policy of controlling the Indians by peaceable rather than by forcible means
has been a 
complete success, so far as New Mexico is concerned, and has already nearly
conquered the 
prejudices of the inhabitants of the frontier. Expressions of a desire for
a general massacre 
of the Indians are now but seldom heard; and if the present policy is pursued
I have no fear 
that there will ever be another Indian war in New Mexico. The following remarks
relative 
to the condition of affairs at the different agencies, and the events which
have transpired 
during the year, are respectfully submitted: 
MESCALERO APACHES. 
But little change has occurred in the condition of these Indians since my
last report. The 
Mescaleros have generally remained near their agency, and but few depredations
have been 
charged against them. 
As yet, none of these Indians have been induced to plant or do any work,
nor have they 
yet consented to the establishment of schools. I hope the present agent,
who is energetic 
and efficient, may soon be able to report some improvement in this direction.
The agent recommends an addition to the reservation, extending its boundaries
so as to- 
include the Sacramento Mountains. I believe the reservation should not be
extended further 
south, because it would give the Indians easy access to Old Mexico, and result
in inter- 
national troubles. I am of opinion that the reservation, as set apart by
the order of the 
President, includes sufficient territory and sufficient arable land for all
the Indians now, or 
likely to be, collected at this agency. If the reserve is to be extended,
I would recommend 
that the addition be made on the north. 
SOUTHERN APACHES. 
These Indians have improved very much during the year, and I hope are now
fairly 
started on the way toward civilization. It will be slow work to bring these
beggars up to 
the standard we desire them to reach; but they have made progress and can
make more. 
The removal of the agency and the Indians to Hot Springs will aid in many
ways to ad- 
vance these Indians. 
I observe that the agent says, in his annual report, that the new reservation
will not be as 


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