University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
Link to University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
Link to University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
The History Collection

Page View

United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1874
([1874])

[Arizona],   pp. 286-300 PDF (7.4 MB)


Page 298

298     REPORT    OF THE     COMMISSIONER       OF INDIAN     AFFAIRS. 
AGRICULTURE. 
W Under Major Brown, about one hundred acres of wheat and barley had been
sown, and i 
under Agent Roberts this was increased to about one hundred and seventy-five
acres. This 
much was accomplished when the lamentable outbreak occurred, and, as a result,
all farming 
operations were for a time abandoned. 
After returning to the reservation, the Indians harvested the wheat and barley
and re- 
planted about fifty acres in corn and beans. These ar6 now looking very nicely
and will 
yield a good crop. 
The Indians are now located within a fourth of a mile of my quarters. It
is my intention 
to move them about the 1st of October. My purpose is to divide the farm in
ten sections, 
and to give to each band a section; to have them locate on their respective
portions and 
build for themselves permanent houses. This will bring the Indians and their
work to- 
gether, and in my opinion will result advantageously in many respects. 
The irrigating-ditch is very imperfect, but I hope to make it carry sufficient
water by en- 
larging the upper part. Agricultural instruments and seeds of every kind
are needed at 
once. The present farm includes about three hundred acres, all of which I
hope to culti- 
vate this year.                    BUILDINGS. 
It will be necessary to refit this agency almost entirely, the teams, implements,
and 
wagons being in a great degree worn, useless, or destroyed, while the only
buildings here 
are two small adobe store-houses, which are insufficient for the proper storage
of the supplies, 
as I am now compelled to use four temporary rooms, for flour, grain, &c.
These rooms and 
those in which I am now living, are of the rudest structure, being built
of logs, brush, and mud. 
Immediately after my arrival I selected a site for the agency-buildings.
This location is on 
a mesa immediately adjoining the farm, and is both convenient and pleasant,
commanding 
a view of the entire farm and a beautiful section of the Gila Valley. I immediately
em- 
ployed a mason and eight Indian laborers, and set at work on the building,
and although I 
have been here only three weeks, the walls are growing rapidly, and, should
the weather 
continue pleasant, I expect to have several rooms so far completed that I
can occupy them 
by October 1. The plan allows 135 feet front and 120 feet deep, but should
this prove in- 
sufficient, it can be extended 175 feet or 200 feet deep. The Indian laborers
are allowed fifty 
cents per day, but no extra rations. They are anxious to be employed, and
work with great 
faithfulness. I most earnestly request that the requisition I have already
made for $5,000, 
to be expended on buildings during the present fiscal year, may be approved,
and the funds 
forwarded at your earliest convenience. 
RECOMMENDATIONS. 
I trust no time will be lost in establishing a school at this agency. The
remarkable in- 
telligence and aptness of these Indians would, if educated, soon elevate
them to a position 
which would combine civilization and culture. I should be very reluctant
to state my hopes 
for the great success of the Indian in the immediate future, lest you might
think me too 
sanguine. I will simply say that I am very confident. I would further recommend
that 
these Indians be furnished with blankets at once, and that articles of clothing,
such as pants, 
shirts, boots, shoes, &c., be sent to this agency, to be issued to the
Indians in payment for 
their labor. They are very poor and very destitute, and this is in my opinion
the best means 
for clothing them. 
I am pleased to report that I am greatly pleased with these Indians, and
am becoming 
more deeply interested daily. I think they have already learned both to fear
and to respect 
me, and also entertain as much affection for me as the savage nature often
exhibits. Should 
the coming year be as successful and pleasant as my first three weeks have
been, I may 
hope to present in my next annual report facts that will both surprise and
please your De- 
partment and the public. 
I have the honor to be, your obedient servant, 
JOHN P. CLUM, 
United States Indian Agent. 
Hon. COMMISSICNER OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, 
Washington, D. C. 
RIO VERDE INDIAN AGENCY, ARIZONA TERRITORY. 
July 28, 1874. 
SIR: I have the honor to submit the following repoit of Indian affairs for
Rio Verde res- 
ervation, Arizona Territory: 
My last report, rendered September 1, 1873. showed the Indians of this reservation
to be 
in bad condition on account of sickness. This state of affairs reached its
culminating point 
.about the end of September, after which time the sick-report steadily decreased
in number 


Go up to Top of Page