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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1874
([1874])

[Arizona],   pp. 286-300 PDF (7.4 MB)


Page 295

REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER OF INDIAN AFFAIRS 
295 
February, 1874, a band of some forty or fifty Indians, led on by an Indian
named Padro 
made an attack upon the persons residing on the old Camp Grant agency-grounds,
some 
forty-five miles from this agency, killing two men, one woman, and two children.
It is difficult, even at this time, to ascertain who the parties were that
participated in the 
bold and daring ventures which I have imperfectly described. Both of the
outlaws, Coch- 
i-nay and Chimtz, doubtless led on the attack made on the night of January
31, 1874, aided 
by young men from this reserve, who were ripe for an outbreak of this character,
having 
been a long time restless under the restraints of reservation life. If the
two outlaws before 
mentioned were the first to apply the torch, they touched fire to material
already on the point 
of igniting, and though the mass of our adult Indians did not participate
in the first attack, 
they were passive witnesses of what transpired. In the second attack, which
occurred on 
the 3d February, 1874, many of the Indians who participated were recognized
by one of 
the survivors as being San Carlos Indians, one Padro being prominently noticed
among 
them. 
I have now arrived at that part of my report in which it is proper for me
to state that the 
Indians off from the reservation since the date of their outbreak have been
exclusively the 
subjects of military management, and it is gratifying to me to be able to
record many acts 
of sterling kindness of heart shown on the part of the officers in command
of scouts, but for 
which several bands of men, women, and children would have endured untold
aggravation 
of the sufferings, which they were instrumental in kindly relieving. I refer
more particularly 
to the surrender of one entire band to Capt. John M. Hamilton, Fifth Cavalry,
in the 
early part of March, 1874, and, subsequently, the surrender, in the early
part of April, 1874, 
to, Lieut. Alfred B. Bache, Fifth Cavalry, of a large number of Indians,
nearly one-half of 
the number (seventy-five) being children. 
I now beg leave to call your attention to the amount of work done and the
improvements 
which have been made at this agency during the past six months. 
RESERVATION. 
This reservation being remote from the line of travel, particularly recommends
it as one 
well chosen. The land is susceptible of tillage in a sufficient quantity
necessary for the 
future sustenance of the Indians upon it, and can be irrigated at very little
cost to the Gov- 
ernment. The grass grown upon land adjacent to the agency-farm is of the
best quality. 
The natural food of the Indians, particularly the mescal, is very plentiful,
which in itself 
will largely tend toward their abandoning in future past roaming habits.
FARM. 
About 200 acres have been under cultivation this season, despite the unfavorable
oppor- 
tunity to organize systems of labor beneficial to the Indians. The wheat
and barley was 
cut on June 8, 1874, and 60 acres of the ground again'turned under, and it
is at the present 
time far advanced with a second crop of corn and beans, which promises an
average yield of 
each, for this Territory. My successor will thrash out the wheat and harvest
the corn and 
beans, which will find mention in his annual report. 
Agricultural seeds were planted, but were destroyed, before reaching to any
considerable 
growth, by hordes of ground-ants, which will, I think, in the future greatly
retard the culti- 
vation of vegetables to any extent. The fertility of the soil, if it may
be so called, promises 
to be all that is required. 
INDIAN LABOR. 
I have, with the assistance of the agency farmers, personally superintended
the Indian 
force daily at work, and their willingness to work, in the main, is all that
could be desired, 
and more than was expected. Two hundred acres of grain was entirely cut by
them in the 
space of fourteen days, mostly by hand-knives. The corn and beans planted
by them under 
supervision presents a remarkably good appearance. 
IMPROVEMENTS. 
Besides almost re-opening the whole of the irrigating-ditch, which was destroyed
by the 
spring freshet, and the construction of a dam across the Gila River, with
a strong current, 
suitable temporary buildings have been erected which were of pressing necessity,
Indian 
labor being largely employed. The buildings erected with but little cost
have proved inval- 
uable, and will serve for some time to come. Besides the general work done
by the Indians 
for the general good of the Government, they have erected for themselves
houses which are 
large and comfortable for most of the season. 
SANITARY. 
On my arrival here in September, 1873, from the great number I found sick,
I was led to 
ifer at once that the site of this reserve was an unhealthy one. Writing
this now, after re- 


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