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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1874
([1874])

[Arizona],   pp. 286-300 PDF (7.4 MB)


Page 288

288     REPORT     OF  THE    COMMISSIONER       OF INDIAN     AFFAIRS. 
by the Government, nothing had been furnished them. The cold weather was
setting in, and, 
a great many being almost naked, promises were of no avail; the young men
saying that if they 
were not supplied they would have to provide themselves with blankets and
clothing from 
other sources. This, of course, was the cause of great trouble and anxiety,
and, if I had not 
been so ably supported by Cochise, would have resulted in many leaving the
reservation. I 
sincerely trust that the annuities for this winter will be forwarded in time,
as, if delayed until 
December or January, they are comparatively valueless. 
In the winter of last year a number of Indians from the more northern reservations
came 
to this agency and desired to remain, giving as their reasons that they had
been either 
driven fiom, or were afraid to remain upon, their own reserves. They were,
in every case, 
advised to go back, and, in accordance with my instructions, given merely
sufficient rations 
to prevent them starving. Being very reluctant to return, a number of them
commenced a 
series of raids, on their return from which, they crossed this reservation,
making a direct trail, 
and causing the raids to be attributed to the Chiricahua Apaches in many
instances, when I 
am certain that the stolen stock was driven to Tulerosa and the White Mountains.
At the 
time of the San Carlos outbreak, in February, I can state positively that
the Indians were 
neither harbored nor permitted to come upon this reservation, these Apaches
having no sym- 
pathy with the outlaws. 
On the "21st of May, Colonel Dudley, Superintendent of Indian Affairs
[for] New Mexico, 
visited this agency, for the purpose of consulting with Cochise relative
to the removal of his 
Indians to the Hot Springs, New Mexico. Cochise, at that time, was dangerously
ill, 
although able to talk with Colonel Dudley. Regarding the removal, Cochise
said that 
personally it was a matter of indifference to him, as he should die before
he could be 
moved, but the majority of his tribe declared that, although the agency was
moved, they 
would not be; that the Government had not enough troops to move them, as
they would 
rather die here than live there. 
On the 8th of June, Cochise, the head chief of the Apaches, died, in the
Dragoon Moun- 
tains, of general debility, and his death retarded the civilization of the
tribe at least two 
years. He was the most reliable and honorable Indian it has ever been my
fortune to meet. 
Since he made the treaty he never infringed it in any particular. He gave
me more assist- 
ance than I thought it possible for any man to do, and compelled the other
Indians to recognize 
me as their agent in every instance. After his death his eldest son, Yaya,
was chosen chief 
of his band, who is a tiustworthy young Indian; but, until he gains the experience,
cannot 
have the influence of his father. 
After the death of Cochise I was called upon by the Commissioner to renew
my bonds as 
special agent. At the time I was very reluctant to do so, the duties being
too arduous for 
the amount of pay; but, as in council the head-men of the tribe declared
that they would 
only keep the treaty and promises made by Cochise to the Government on condition
that I 
remained and took care of them as I had done, I renewed the bonds, knowing
at the time 
that any outbreak would make this country more unsafe, as to life and property,
than it was 
two years ago. I now firmly believe that I have these Indians as completely
under control 
as any in the country. There has not been a single depredation committed
by them in this 
country during the past year, nor, with few exceptions, have any of them
been off the res- 
ervation. 
There are now 930 Apaches at this agency, who are all becoming reconciled
and con- 
tented with this, to them, sedentary life. A great many of their traits of
character will com- 
pare favorably with any class of people. Theft is unknown among themselves;
their virtue 
is irreproachable; and to lie, in their opinion, is to incur punishment hereafter
from the Cre- 
ator; gambling and drinkijg are, of course, as natural to an Indian as eating
and slqeping; 
but, even at their feasts, they seldom quarrel, the violent deaths that have
occurred being 
generally the result of sudden altercations when the opponents were perfectly
sober. 
The prospects for agricultural operations are not very promising. There is
no part of the 
reservation adapted to farming, with the exception of the San Simone Cienega,
and which is 
too unhealthy until properly drained. Again, these are the only Apaches who
have never 
raised any grain. The successive generations have been born, raised, and
have died in the 
mountains, in their opinion, since the creation, and therefore to undo the
education and 
change the nature of the adults must necessarily be a work of time. 
Since I have established this agency I have had log buildings erected by
the employs for 
temporary accommodation. They are, however, very inadequate, and will be
almost useless 
in winter. A part of the supplies are necessarily stored at Camp Bowie, a
distance of six- 
teen miles from the agency, and I therefore respectfully call the attention
of the Commis- 
sioner to my estimate of December, 1873, for $6,750 for agency buildings,
and, at the same 
time, request that the amount be increased $4,000, to enable me to erect
a school-house and 
suitable buildings for missionaries and the children, for the purpose of
commencing the 
work of education. 
I am, sir, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 
THOMAS J. JEFFORDS, 
Unitted States Special ladian Ag ent for Chirmcahaa Apaches. 
Hon. E. P. SMtTH, 
(Jommissioaer of Iadiaa Affairs, Wa shiagtoa, D. C. 


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