United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the commissioner of Indian affairs, for the year 1874
[Indian Territory], pp. 218-238 PDF (10.2 MB)
REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER OF INDIAN AFFAIRS. 231 The amount of land in cultivation is as follows:A Acres. Sacs and Foxes................................................................375 Absentee Shawnees............................................................1,022 Kickapoos .---------------------........-------------------------------------28 Nine-tenths of the above is in corn, which will give them an average yield of -20 bushels per acre. The remainder is in potatoes, pumpkins, &c. Thr y own stock as follows: Horses. Cattle. :Hogs. Sacs and Foxes.-.--.--------------------------------------- 1,006 1,100 2,162 Absentee Shawnees .......................................... 8S7 1,678 3,642 Kickapoos-............ ..-----------------------------------.330 ..... 30 The horses of the Sacs and Foxes and Absentee Shawnees are much better than an average of the Indian ponies. The Shawnees are producing good, serviceable mules and horses, and have a good stock of cattle. The Absentee Shawnees and Kickapoos have received no assistance from Government. The Sacs and Foxes receive an annuity of $60 per capia, after paying physician, blacksmith and gunsmith, repairs, and running saw-mill, aLd A$500 to each of four chiefs. They get but little wild game. IMPROVEMENTS. The buildings called for by treaty have been completed, as far as funds would permit, as follows: Manual-labor school, completed; dwelling-houses for chiefs, completed. Dwell- ings for agent, blacksmith, and physician are not completed. Ten thousand dollars are fltaled for in the treaty of February 18, 1867, but only $6,000 have been appropriated. If the remaining $4,000 could be obtained, these buildings could be completed, and the Indians satisfied that the Government intends to comply with its promises. Sixteen new houses have been erected by the Indians. The Sacs and Foxes appropriate $100 out of their annuity for each of their houses erected, to be used in paying for material and carpenter-work. They are now very much concerned about good water. Six wells have been dug, besides those at the agency, and good water obtained; cost about $100 each. Several more are now being dug. This work they are doing, or getting done, with their means, which is a move in the right direction. Thirteen Sac and Fox families have planted apple and peach orchards. They have purchased with their annuity, twenty-six plows,- fourteen farm-wagons, and fourteen sets of double harness, and have distributed them to those families who were most needy. Improved stock of cattle and hogs have been purichased by the manual-labor school. and the school will soon be able to supply the Indians from the same. SCHOOLS. The manual-labor school, under its present management, has been an entire success. The Sacs and Foxes on the reservation have only 48 children over six years old, and this school has 28 of them. All the children, except one, who have attended the school long enough to become acquainted are there now, and will, no doubt, remain. These 28 children are happy and contented; have good clothes to wear and good food to eat; are courteous to their teachers and to one another, and have made satisfactory progress in their studies. The treaty sets aside one section of land for the use of this school. It now occupies, in grain, 80 acres; meadow, 50 acres; pasture, 320 acres; total, 450 acres. It is stocked with fifty-two head of cattle and fifty head of hogs, and has produced a good crop of wheat, oats, and corn this year. The hay is short on account of drought. The school is conducted by a farmer and assistant, matron and assistant, teacher and cook. The day-school with the Shawnees is educating about 20 children. They live so remote from one another that it is impossible for them to have a larger day-school. They appreci- ate the school and should have a manual-labor school, but are not able to support one without assistance. It costs more to pay the instructors than the labor of the pupils is worth pecuniarily. This, I believe, is a fact not realized by those who have had no experience with instructing Indian children; yet to teach them to work is one of the first objects to gain in their civilization. EDUCATION AND RELIGION. Their religion is principally traditional antagonism to civilization, and an individual who patronizes the school, or follows the customs of the whites, is stigmatized as a traitor to their Great Spirit, consequently we get but few of the full-blood children to attend school other than those who are orphans. Those of the children who can talk and read understandingly in English look upon this traditional religion as we do. EMPLOYtS. :My employcs, aside from the school, are all Indians, except two carpenters, a physician, and a gunsmith. These are all good men and in sympathy with the designs of Government in th~e civilization of the Indians.
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