United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1874
[Wisconsin], pp. 185-195 PDF (5.5 MB)
194 REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER OF INDIAN AFFAIRS. and support of such a careful Christian agent as yourself, I have every reason to believe that in the life-time of a single generation a distinctive mission to this people would be quite unnecessary. Hoping, therefore, that you may long continue in your present sphere, and that you will in the future, as in the past, still extend to us the right hand of your sympathy and co-operation, I subscribe myself, yours, most respectfully, I. BAIRD, Superintendent Odanah Indian Mission. Dr. I. L. MAHAN, United States Indian Agent, Baylield, Wis. OFFICE OF THE UNITED STATES INDIAN AGENCY, Lac Courte Oreille, Wis., July 16, 1874. DEAR SIR: I have the honor to submit the following report of operations for the past year: In June, 1873, we passed through Rush City on our way to the reserve, where we met Col. E. E. Henderson, acting agent. On arriving, purchased three yoke of oxen, two wagons, and four cows, together with the balance of supplies necessary, and proceeded to Lac Courte Oreille. Commenced the next morning building fence, and soon after the conclusion of council commenced cutting hay, of which we cut 50 tons, most of which was hauled to the stable, (six miles.) Cut timber and brush from 40 acres; grubbed 25 acres. Put up school-build- iner and dwelling-house combined, 21 by 31 feet, 18 feet post of hewn timber, three floors, and celar; also warehouse, stable for twelve head of cattle, and other outbuildings. Assisted in putting up six hewn-timber houses for the Indians. Built good house, 16 by 24, for head chief, A-ke-wen-zee. Whipsawed 6,000 to 8,000 feet board, shaved 30,000 shingles, cut and hauled 3,000 rails, cut 50 cords of wood, mostly timber, down and going to decay. Have also finished up the school-building and dwelling-house at Pah-kwa-a-wah. Have planted a good area to garden, as an example to the Indians. Have plowed a large number of pieces of ground here and at Pah-kwa-a-wah for individual Indians, upon which they have good crops. Quite an interest is manifested by them to raise vegetables-corn and beans-for themselves ; something of rivalry existing as to who shall excel. The hauling of supplies has been no small item, of which we have kept a stock on hand, consisting of flour, pork, tea, sugar, saleratus, soap, and salt, furnished at cost, transportation added, exchanging for work. Have now on hand some 800 pounds of maple-sugar. Since the 1st of December comparatively little work has been done. Previous to your order suspending work, I had purrposed preparing ground, and putting in quite an amount of seed, and put- tLng up a number of buildings for the Indians, and grubbing the balance of the ground upon which the timber had been cut. I shall cut all the hay and grass there is, and break up all we can in July and August, it being much the best time, as far as the decay of veget- able matter is concerned. There has been a marked improvement in the habits of the Indians, and quite an advance made toward civilization. The desire to exchange the wigwam for houses is quite prevalent. It has been much more quiet since the trading-post was removed, there being no resort -now for the whites to congregate, whose influedce with the Indians was pernicious, the whites opposing all improvements as related to schools, or any improvements instituted for the advantage of the Indians. The unsettled condition of the pine question causes a feeling of discontent, and calls for work and help, making it very unpleasant for themselves and us. They are constantly receiving reports from some source to the effect that they are to be removed, that the chiefs are all called to Washington, and that they are being cheated, thus keeping them constantly excited. They have to a great extent availed themselves of the advantage of the school. The children have made very good progress. I hope there may be a school in operation at Pah-kwa-a-wah ere long. A great desire is manifested by the people there for it. We are unable to keep a supply of provisions adequate to the wants of the Indians under existing circumstances. Mr. Hickok, our present blacksmith, gives good satisfaction. The change has proved very advantageous. Could the trading-house here be occupied by a good, moral man, with family, who could supply the Indians with goods needed, and also provide accommodations for travelers through fall and winter, it would be desirable. The two Indians to whom permits were granted last spring to trade have no stock in store. Trusting all matters may be settled, so that work may go on and we be enabled to put up a number of houses for the Indians before cold weather, and that their lands can be sub- divided, which they earnestly desire, I remain, yours truly, JOSEPH B. HOLT, Government Fa? mer. DP. I. L. MAHAN, United States Indiati Agent.
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