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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1874
([1874])

Information, with historical and statistical statements, relative to the different tribes and their agencies,   pp. 23-[84] PDF (29.5 MB)


Page 82

 EPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER OF INDIAN AFFAIRS. 
COLT LLE AGENY.-The Colville, Lake, Okinagan, San Poel, Nespee- 
lum, SJ okane, Callispel, and Melhow bands, making a total of 3,120 
persons are living for the most part in the Colville Valley, fishing, 
hunting, and cultivating small patches of ground. But few are living 
on the reserve, which is so rugged and barren that if the Indians are 
forced to remove thither they must either be wholly subsisted by the 
Govern nent or starve. They have cultivated during the year 1,000 
acres, besides 70 on the reserve; have raised 2,500 bushels of wheat 
and 2,000 of potatoes, besides corn and turnips, and have built 15 log 
houses. They own nearly 4,000 horses and 604 head of cattle. They 
have a og church, built by themselves last year, and a boarding-school 
attended by 36 pupils, in which they take great pride. 
About 2,500 Indians are roaming on the Columbia River who have 
no treaty relations to the United States, and are turned renegades. 
They s bsist mainly on fish, and have no desire to cultivate the ground.
They h ve no cattle, but own large herds of horses which they pasture 
along the river, to the great annoyance and damage of settlers. They 
claim te country as theirs, but commit no serious depredations, though 
by diss lute habits and frequent trespasses they have occasioned a wide-
spread inxiety and uneasiness among the white citizens. They cherish 
a supe stitious belief, fostered by their old chief Imohalla, who is re-
garded as a prophet, that the white people will at no distant day disap-
pear fr m the country, leaving them in undisturbed possession. 
NEAR BAY AGENcY.-This is located in the extreme northwest of 
the Ter-ritory, and has in charge the Makah Indians, numbering 
559. Their reservation of 23,000 acres affords very little land suitable
for cultivation. It has been somewhat enlarged and additional conven- 
iences secured during the year by purchase, under appraisement, of 
the adj ining lands and improvements, known as the Webster property. 
The   akahs live almost entirely by fishing, and are little inclined to 
accept rdinary modes of civilized life. They have had schools, but no 
one of he tribe is reported as being able to read. 
QuI AIELT AGENCY.-About 540 Quinaielts, Queets, Hohs, and Quil- 
leh Ute belong to this agency, but only the first two tribes are on the 
reserve which is located along the coast in the northern part of the 
Territo- y, and contains 224,000 acres of heavily-timbered land, which is
inaccessible for more than one-half the year.  Nothing in the way of 
farinin can be accomplished, and the Indians procure their living from 
the sea and rivers. 
Respecting the desirability of consolidating this agency with that of 
N eah  ay, attention is called to the recommendations of the secretary 
of the Board of Indian Commissioners. 
S'KOOMISII AGENCY.-The 850 S'Klallains and Twanas belonging to 
this agilncy three years ago were among the most hopeless and degraded 
Indian in the Territory. Only 200 were on the reservation. Six dilap- 
idated dwellings, a small orchard, and about 50 acres, cleared several 
years before, and most of which had again grown up to brush, were the 
only evidences of an attempt at civilization. Their reservation on the 
S'kokoinish River contains eight square miles, of which 1.300 acres are 
represented as suited to tillage and grazing, and the remainder of the 
land is classed in equal parts between wood and valueless. 
All the Twanas are now on the reservation, we~Lr citizens' dress, and 
livein ouses. They have cultivated 70 acres. Forty families, who have 
had la ids allotted in severalty, have worked with diligence and enthu- 
siasin ii clearing and planting. They have cut and sold one ahid one-half
million feet of saw-logs, all the labor being performed by themselves, 
82 


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