United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1874
Information, with historical and statistical statements, relative to the different tribes and their agencies, pp. 23- PDF (29.5 MB)
80 REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER OF INDIAN AFFAIRS. duty in many of the agencies upon the Pacific coast; instances occur in which scarcely a single employd actually discharges the duties of the employment for which he is ap- pointed. Provision is made at all the agencies for the employment of a clerk, farmer, blacksmith, carpenter, physician, teachers, interpreter, &c., and while each of these appointees should regard himself as under the direction of the agent, to discharge any duty required outside of the specialty for which he is appointed, the practice of ap- pointing a farmer, for example, who neither cultivates any ground himself, nor instructs any Indian in agriculture, is not regarded as a proper one. A practice has also grown up at many agencies of selecting a large portion of the em- ployds from the family and immediate relatives of the agent. While the present in- sufficient compensation of agents continues there is an excuse for resorting to these means to enable them to provide a comfortable support, but, as a rule, the practice is not calculated to secure efficiency of administration, and should be discouraged. The following summary of recommendations is submitted: 1st. That the Indians on the Puyallup, Nisqually, Squaxin, and Chehalis reservations be removed to the Skokomish reservation. 2d. That the Skokomish reservation be enlarged to include the valley of the Skoko- mish, with an average width of three miles on each side of the river, from Hood's Canal to a line two miles above the main forks of the river. 3d. That the Indians of Port Madison, Tulalip, Swinomish, and Muckleshoot reserva- tions be removed to the Lummi reservation. 4th. That the Lummi reservation be extended five miles northward, following the line, of the Nootsack or Lummi River for its eastern boundary, and extending west- ward to Prince George's Sound. 5th. That the Indians of Quinaielt reservation be removed to Neah Bay reservation. 6th. That the Neah Bay reservation be enlarged by extending the same southward a distance of fifteen miles. 7th. That the reservations vacated be disposed of in such manner and on such terms as the President may determine for the highest practicable price, and the proceeds in- vested for the joint benefit of the Indians on the reservations respectively to which they are removed. 8th. That allotments of land to each male adult Indian upon any reservation, who shall settle upon and cultivate the same, be made, to remain inalienable for a period of ten years, and a title in fee vested in him at the termination of that period if he shall continue to occupy and cultivate the same. 9th. That each child, between the ages of six and sixteen years, shall be compelled to attend school; and that a refusal upon the part of the parents or guardians shall suspend all right on their part to participate in the annuities or other benefactions of the-Government or tribal funds, and the agent shall be authorized and required to adopt such other proper measures as m.pay be necessary to the enforcement of such attend- ance. 10th. That agents encourage the employment of adult Indians by respectable white families off the reservation, and render them all necessary assistance in providing for their proper care and protection during such employment. 11th. That a schooner be furnished to the agent at Neah Bay, and a competent sailor be employed as captain, to be used for the benefit of such Indians as by their industry and compliance with regulations are entitled to consideration. 12th. That each employd be required to attend diligently to the specific duties of his calling or trade, and to perform such other reasonableduties as may be required of him. He shall also afford every opportunity to the Indians for their improvement and in- struction, especially in the mechanical arts and farming. The following estimates of appropriations required is submitted: For extinguishment of claims of settlers on the enlargement of the Skoko- mish reservation. . . . . ..------------------------------------------------$50,000 Lummi reservation ------------------------------------------------------. 10,000 Schooner for Neah Bay Indians._......... --..-.-.--..- ------------5,000 Expense of removal of Indians from nine reservations, $5,000 each----------45, 000 110,000 The commissioners are authorized to state that the recommendations made by them and submitted herewith receive the approval of Maj. Gen. 0. 0. Howard, command- ing Department of Columbia, of Maj. Gen. John Green, First Cavalry, and of Hon. William Vandever, United States inspector, these officers having participated in the investigations made. Respectfully submitted. J. D. LANG, F. H. SMITH, Commissioners. Hon. C. B. FISK;, Chairmn Board Indian Commissioners.
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