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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1874

Information, with historical and statistical statements, relative to the different tribes and their agencies,   pp. 23-[84] PDF (29.5 MB)

Page 38

In addition to the causes assigned above by Superintendent White 
for the large failure in the effort to entirely remove tle Winnebagoes 
from Wisconsin, mention should be made of the persistent effort on the 
part of three or four persons who had formerly lived with these va- 
grants in Wisconsin and enjoyed a certain profit in their berry-trade, 
first, to dissuade them from consenting to go, and afterward, by mis- 
representations and all possible false inducements, to lead them to run 
away from their agent in Nebraska and return to their haunts and 
vagaboidism in Wisconsin. Among other inducements offered was 
that of homesteads, varying in extent from one to three acres, which 
have been located on abandoned pine barrens absolutely worthless, 
except as a home for vagabondism, where it may abide unreached and 
solidated under one agent. 
The Kickapoos, to the number of 266, have a fertile reservation in 
the northeastern part of Kansas containing 20,272 acres, of which 9,137 
have been allotted in severalty. The tribe formerly lived in Illinois. A
large part of it emigrated to Mexico, and were afterward joined during 
the war by about 100 from Kansas, who were dissatisfied with the 
terms of the treaty of 1863. The Mexican Kickapoos, by their frequent 
raids on the border, have been a source of annoyance and danger to the 
citizens of Texas, and an effort was made last year, through a special 
commission, to remove them to a reservation in the central part of the 
Indian Territory, which was largely successful. Many of the Kansas 
Kickapoos have a strong desire to join their brethren in the Indian 
Territory, and are not inclined to make improvement until the matter 
is decided. 
The tribe as a whole, however, are industrious, nearly self-supporting, 
and evince great interest in the education of their children. They wear 
citizens' dress, live in houses, are well supplied with agricultural imple-
ments, and make a good living from'the soil. They have exchanged a 
large number of their ponies for a smaller number of good horses, a 
change which is very favorable to their farming interests ; 1,180 acres 
were planted ini wheat, oats, corn, and potatoes, but chinch-bugs, 
drought, and grasshoppers have destroyed their crops, leaving them in a 
very destitute condition. Ten houses have been built this season by 
Indian labor. 
Sixty pupils have been instructed in the boarding-school, and have 
made good progress. Special attention has been given to instruction in 
the proper preparation of tbod, and with such success that the older girls
are in danger of being kept from school on account of their increased- 
usefulness at home. 
The two churches, in charge of native pastors, have a membership 
of 135. 
The Pottawatomies number 467, and are that portion known as the 
Prairie band of Pottawatoinies, who, under the fouyth article of the 
treatyN of December 15, 1861, decided to hold their lands and money in 
common. The larger part of the nation, numbering 1,400, became citi- 
zens and received their land in fee. Several hundred of these new 44 citi-
zens '" shortly after repaired to Mexico, and from this refuge in a
country have frequently indulged in raiding on ranches and herds of 
stock in Texas. A special commission was appointed last year to in- 

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