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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1874

Report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs,   pp. [3]-17 PDF (6.6 MB)

Page 13

does not seem to me probable that the large, unoccupied tracts of this 
country will ever be required for Indian purposes. If by an arrangement 
with the tribes owning that country the Comanches, Cheyennes, and Ki- 
owas can be removed, according to my recommendation, east of the 
ninety-sixth meridian, I see no reason why time lands now occupied by 
these wild Indians may not be taken in exchange and opened to settle- 
The necessity for seeking the assistance of soldiers in punishing and 
restraining lawless Indians has been almost exclusively confined to Ari-
zona, New Mexico, Western Indian Territory, and Dakota; and the serv- 
ice rendered has so promptly and efficiently met the emergencies which 
have arisen as to make it probable that requisitions upon the military 
for the punishment and restraint of Indians hereafter will be less fre- 
quent, and such as will require the employment of less force. 
The Sioux at Red Cloud and Spotted Tail have quietly submitted to 
the occupation of their country by the military. The Comanches and 
confederated tribes in the Indian Territory have been subdued. The 
Apaches and Utes in New Mexico have been put under comparatively 
strict, surveillance, and for most of the year kept upon their reservations;
and the Apaches in Arizona, with the exception of the acts of a few out-
laws, have been brought to keep the peace. 
There can be no question but that the presence of a military camp 
upon a reservation of wild indians brings evils as well as benefits, and
as soon as proper discipline can be maintained by the operations of sol-
diers outside of a reservation, they should be removed. It is quite 
important that Indians throughout the country should thoroughly under- 
stand that when outside of their reservation-lines they are subject to 
severe treatment by the military, and to the police of the State or Ter-
ritory, for depredations or mischief of any kind committed by them, 
either among white settlements or against other tribes which are at 
peace with the Government, and that agents have no responsibility or 
help for them except upon the reservations to which they belong. 
At iloopa Valley, in California, and at Colorado River, San Carlos, 
and White Mountain reservations, in Arizona, the efficiency of the serv-
ice in inducing civilization would now be largely promoted by the 
removal of troops outside of those reservations, and at Hoopa Valley 
the substitution of a force of five deputy marshals would be in the 
direction of economy and efficiency. And, in general, this statement 
may be made, that a few deputies in vicinity of agencies would be able, 
with the assistance of employe!s and friendly Indians, acting as a posse,
to make arrests and secure punishment of disturbing whites and law- 
less Indians with more efficiency and at far less expense than by the 
employment of the military for a service of this nature. I believe that,
with the appointment of two hundred such deputies for duty at the Aev- 
eral agencies, and with proper legislation providing tribunals for trial
and punishment, the use of the military in the Indian service may be 
entirely dispensed with, except for the Sioux, the Apaches, and the 
wild tribes in the Indian Territory. 
The relations of the Bureau to the several religious societies, in ac- 
cordance with whose nominations its agents have been appointed, have 

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