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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1874

Report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs,   pp. [3]-17 PDF (6.6 MB)

Page 4

The second class, to the number of 52,113, is summed as follows: 
5,769 Chippewas and Menomonees in Minnesota and Wisconsin, 338 Sac 
and Fox in Iowa, 4,622 Sioux, 730 Poncas, and 975 Arickarees in Dakota; 
3,289 Pawnees, Omahas, Otoes, and Sac and Fox in Nebraska; 1,829 
Flatheads in Montana; 2,700 mixed Shoshones, Bannacks, and Sheep- 
Eaters in Idaho and Wyoming; 1,200 Nez Perces in Idaho; 355 Kick- 
apoos, 365 Kaws, 345 Comanches, and 2,372 Osages ili the indian Ter- 
ritory; 1,200 Pai Utes on reservations in Nevada; 575 Utes in Utah; 
1,900 Mojaves, Chemehuevis, and Hualapais in Arizona; 9,068 Navajos 
ini New Mexico, and 15,056 among the different tribes in Washington 
Territory, Oregon, and California. 
The third class, numbering 100,085, includes 5,140 Senecas and other 
Indians in New York, 11,774 Chi)pewas and other Indians in Michigan, 
Wisconsin, and Minnesota; 2,78() Sioux at Sisseton, Santee, and Flandreau
agencies; 226 lowas and 1,785 Winnebagoes in Nebraska; 750 Potta- 
watomies and Kickapoos in Kansas; 500 Osages, 16,000 Choctaws, 13,000 
Creeks, 6,000 Chickasaws, 2,438 Seminoles, 17,217 Cherokees, and 4,141 
belonging to smaller bands in the Indian Territory; 1,000 Eastern 
Cherokees in North Carolina: 1,307 Nez Pere-s in Idaho; 5,122 Yaka- 
mas and others in Washington Territory, and 10,905 Pueblos in New 
Mexico and Arizona. 
Within the third class, modified somewhat, might be included 4,300 
Pimas and Maricopas, and 6,000 Papagoes, in Arizona, and a majority 
of the 5,000 Mission Indians in California, all of whom were once citi- 
zens under the Mexican government, and all receiving no governmental 
aid beyond the care of an agent and a small disbursement for educa- 
tional purposes; and if at any time during the last generation it had 
been possible for them to have received suitable lands in severalty, they
would now be in as tolerable a condition of comfort as most of their 
white neighbors. 
A fourth class of roamers and vagrants might be enumerated, con- 
sisting of 600 Winnebagoes and Pottawatomies in Wisconsin, 250 Sac 
and Fox in Kansas, known as Mokohoko's band, 6,000 6hoshones, and 
others in California, 2,500 Indians on the Columbia River; 1,945 Western
Shoshones in Nevada; 3,221 Utes in Nevada, Utah, Golorado, and Ari- 
zona; 2,420 Yumas and others in Arizona, and 500 scattered Indians in 
North Carolina, Tennessee, Georgia, Florida, and Texas. 
Respecting the Indians enumerated in the first class, this general 
statement is true: A decided advance has been made during the year in 
the direction of securing control and influence over these the wildest of
the tribes in the country; and the way has opened quite perceptibly for 
a Vuch larger and more hopeful work among them during the coining 
year. They are as yet unreached by missionary work, and are in their 
native paganism, whose superstition often forbids their being counted 
for enrollment and the attendance of their children at school. It is from
Indians in this class that any such hostilities are to be apprehended as
hereafter to require the presence or use of the military; and, with the 
exception of possibly seven thousand to ten thousand, none of these are 
properly designated hostile; and the hostiles themselves are so scattered
and divided in cliques and bands that, except under extraordinary provo-
cation, or in circumstances not at all to be apprehended, it is not prob-
able that as many as 500 Indian warriors will ever again be mustered at 
one point for a fight; and with the conflicting interests of the different

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