United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1857
California superintendency, pp. 387-408 PDF (8.6 MB)
the months of January, February, and March, and of ascertaining much of its capabilities. From the next tribe above the reservation, the " Camel-el-poma," I took an Indian who understood and spoke the Chiabel-na-poma, a language with which I was myself somewhat familiar. He obtained two or three from the next tribe to the north to accompany us, and they, again, others from the succeeding tribe. In this manner we proceeded to the cape, where, through the medium of five or six interpreters, I was able to hold intelligent communication with the Indians of that locality. Our interpreters were subsequently rewarded with a few beads and some shirts, which they received with great demonstrations of pleasure. We met with very little opposition to our progress. Although ordered back by almost every new tribe we encountered, we soon dis- armed opposition by an exhibition of our skill as riflemen among the game of the forest, while the stories told of our prowess by the Indians who accompanied us, so won their regard that they treated us with great consideration, and usually escorted us to the limit of their territory, beyond which they would not venture. They had never seen a white man or a gun, and generally fell to the earth trembling on hearing the first discharge. On witnessing its effect upon the deer, elk, bear, and seal, of which we shot great numbers, their astonishment and admiration knew no bounds. It was then they seemed to understand what had before perplexed their feeble comprehension, how our little band of six men could travel through their country so fearlessly and independently. I planted wheat, oats, peach stones, and seeds of various kinds, at every camp; and, lest their curiosity might frustrate the design, I planted duplicates at night, unobserved by them. I also distributed a few beads, jewsharps, and other trifles among them, and told them "the great white captain," who had charge of all the Indians, would come and see them at some future time, at which they appeared greatly pleased. We kept them well supplied, during our stay, with venison and bear meat, and gave them the skins. In short, we made such a favor- able impression upon them that they were very sorry to have us go away. Captain Ford, the very able and efficient officer in charge of the reservation, sent with me one of his hunters to look for good hunting grounds, convenient to a landing, in order to save packing. This he succeeded in finding at a point about thirty miles to the north of the reservation. Very respectfully, your obedient servant, JAS. TOBIN. TnoS. J. HENLEY, Esq., Superintendent indian Affairs, State of California. 404 CALIFORNIA.
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