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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1857

California superintendency,   pp. 387-408 PDF (8.6 MB)

Page 404

the months of January, February, and March, and of ascertaining 
much of its capabilities. 
From the next tribe above the reservation, the " Camel-el-poma,"
I took an Indian who understood and spoke the Chiabel-na-poma, a 
language with which I was myself somewhat familiar. He obtained 
two or three from the next tribe to the north to accompany us, and 
they, again, others from the succeeding tribe. In this manner we 
proceeded to the cape, where, through the medium of five or six 
interpreters, I was able to hold intelligent communication with the 
Indians of that locality. Our interpreters were subsequently rewarded 
with a few beads and some shirts, which they received with great 
demonstrations of pleasure. 
We met with very little opposition to our progress. Although 
ordered back by almost every new tribe we encountered, we soon dis- 
armed opposition by an exhibition of our skill as riflemen among 
the game of the forest, while the stories told of our prowess by the 
Indians who accompanied us, so won their regard that they treated 
us with great consideration, and usually escorted us to the limit of 
their territory, beyond which they would not venture. 
They had never seen a white man or a gun, and generally fell to 
the earth trembling on hearing the first discharge. On witnessing 
its effect upon the deer, elk, bear, and seal, of which we shot great 
numbers, their astonishment and admiration knew no bounds. It 
was then they seemed to understand what had before perplexed their 
feeble comprehension, how our little band of six men could travel 
through their country so fearlessly and independently. 
I planted wheat, oats, peach stones, and seeds of various kinds, at 
every camp; and, lest their curiosity might frustrate the design, I 
planted duplicates at night, unobserved by them. I also distributed 
a few beads, jewsharps, and other trifles among them, and told them 
"the great white captain," who had charge of all the Indians, would
come and see them at some future time, at which they appeared 
greatly pleased. 
We kept them well supplied, during our stay, with venison and 
bear meat, and gave them the skins. In short, we made such a favor- 
able impression upon them that they were very sorry to have us go 
away. Captain Ford, the very able and efficient officer in charge of 
the reservation, sent with me one of his hunters to look for good 
hunting grounds, convenient to a landing, in order to save packing. 
This he succeeded in finding at a point about thirty miles to the north 
of the reservation. 
Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 
TnoS. J. HENLEY, Esq., 
Superintendent indian Affairs, State of California. 

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