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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1857

California superintendency,   pp. 387-408 PDF (8.6 MB)

Page 401

and posterity. The greatest obstacle that is now in the way of the 
Indian department's civilizing and moralizing the Indians in this 
section of country, is the rude and wanton manner in which their 
young women, who reside in unprotected rancheros and in the vicinity 
of mining towns, are sought by men who resort to the frequent use of 
ardent spirits to allure them into their evil ways. 
This evil can only be obviated by their permanent residence on the 
farms, which would add but little expense to the department, if the 
women's time, under a proper instructress, was appropriated to the 
manufacturing of men's clothing. 
Now that the season and the plan of catching and curing fish is all 
understood, it is believed that considerable Indian food may be ob- 
tained from that source this fall; in anticipation of which, I have 
engaged barrels and coarse salt, and am now making preparations for 
the coming fish season. 
I am of the opinion that it is politic and best to retain this plaoe 
this coming season as a home and place of resort for all the Indians 
north of San Joaquin and its vicinity. 
The necessary ditches for irrigation now having been cut, and the 
training of the water and the practicability of its application being 
well understood, it is only necessary to commence in time and incur a 
small expense, and the certain irrigation of all the land desired is 
practicable; and there is no good reason why fears for the success of a 
crop on this place should be entertained, if I am instructed to proceed 
in time.  By the first day of September next, preparations for the 
coming crop should have commenced. 
All of which is respectfully submitted by your most obedient, 
M. B. LEWIS, Sub-Agent. 
THos. J. HENLEY, Esq., 
Superintendent Indian A4ffairs, San Francisco, California. 
No. 166. 
Tejon Valley, California, August 15, 1857. 
SIR: In compliance with the regulations of the department, I have 
the honor herewith to submit my annual report for the current year. 
The Indians under my charge have, during the past year, enjoyed 
the blessings of health, peace, plenty, and, so far as their dissolute 
habits would permit, contentment. 
The early part of the past winter promised fair for an abundance of 
rain, and consequently favorable for an .abundant crop. I therefore, 
at the proper season, used my utmost energies in putting in a plen- 
teous crop of wheat and barley. I succeeded in seeding about six hun- 
dred acres of wheat and one hundred and fifteen acres of barley iia 
good condition. This, in addition to the large quantity of volunteer 
grain, promised an abundant harvest and an abundant supply for 

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