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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1857

Oregon and Washington superintendency,   pp. 315-387 PDF (30.5 MB)

California superintendency,   pp. 387-408 PDF (8.6 MB)

Page 387

tween himself and the superintendent this difference of opinion still 
Those men deserve punishment, and the order referred to gives no 
pardon;but the General will not pursue them, at the hazard of being 
thought unfaithful to treAties or promises, written or tacit. 
Urge on the chiefs that the delivery of these criminals will be re- 
ceived as an evidence of the good disposition, not to be forgotten in 
future troubles, and that by making the surrender they may save their 
people from being pushed into future wars by the bad conduct of a few 
reckless men. 
You may thus obtain a voluntary surrender, and it will be well. 
Should you be of opinion that even an attempt of this kind will-be 
of certain ill effect under the pacification made by Colonel Wright, 
(which he will be directed fully to communicate to you,) let it alone, 
and report your views. 
Iam,,sir, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 
Asst. Adjt. General., 
Major R. L. GARNETT, 
9th lnfantry, Comdg. Fort Simcoe, W. [T. 
No. 161. 
San Francisco, California, September 4, 1851. 
SIR: In submitting my annual report, I anA relieved of the neces- 
sity of making it an extended one, for tlAe reason that but little 
change has taken place either in the co- idition or character of the 
service in this superintendency during tb .a past year. My last report 
having dwelt at considerable length upo, .sthe character, habits, wants,,
and necessities of the Indians, any ext tded remarks upon that heal 
would seem to be an unnecessary repr Aition. 
The causes there set forth as haviy g produced the present miserab 
and degraded     ...condition of the  d~ns interspersed through the white
settlements in California, still I.perating with increasing force, are 
gradually decimating their nv ,bers1 and ha 
dow~iwar road t final etend.hastening them on in the 
dowpward road to final exter" imnation. Left to the prey of diseases
by them incurable, to the eft r ts of intoxicating liquor, and the abuse
of evil disposed white pers                0 there is nothing before them
but inev- 
itable death, or the inte bsthioftha    o     th  vernment in 
removing them to those  rposition of the arm of the ov 
ftr          i      w   sylums on the reservations already prepared 
erment, and receive ene they can be treated as the wards of the gov- 
be beneficial to Ind  that sort of protection and care which can alone 
Foreseeing at ar  carly period that the condition of the Indians i& 

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