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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1857
([1857])

New York agency,   pp. 20-26 PDF (2.8 MB)


Page 21

INDIANS IN NEW     YORK.                      21 
protected and sustained, on an average, forty-five destitute children, 
and attended thoroughly to their education and habits, and intend 
the asylum for their home until they are prepared for some useful 
employment and capable of providing for themselves. 
The Tonawandas, dependent wholly On agriculture and labor, owing 
to the peculiar circumstances in which they are placed in reference to 
their reservation and the Ogden Company, cannot be said to be making 
much improvement in any respect.       They have had one school taught 
during the past year seven months, with an average attendance of 
forty scholars. They have one church. 
The Tuscaroras are industrious and thrifty farmers, with fine im- 
provements and good buildings, and apparently all the comforts of 
civilized life. 
With the Oneidas and Onondagas I cannot report any material 
change. They sustain schools that are supported by the State of New 
York. They also have churches that are well attended. 
With much respect, your obedient servant, 
MARCUS Hf. JOHNSON, 
United States Indian Agent. 
Hon. J. W. DENvER, 
Commissioner of Indian Affairs, Washington, D. C. 
Census of the New York Indians for 1857. 
Names of tribes and location.      Men. Women. hildren. Total. 
Senecas, at Cattaraugus ------------------------321  322    561     1,204
Allegany ---------------------------192     202     347      741 
Tonawanda -------------------------182      202     266      650 
Total living Senecas ---------------------695  726   1,174    2,595 
Tuscaroras, at Tuscarora--- --------------    61     57     151       269
Cayugas (with Senecas) -------------------------22   26     109       157
Onondagas (with Senecas) ----------------------  28  21      74       123
Onondagas, at Onondaga ----------------------  80    98     144       322
Onondagas (with Tuscaroras) ---------------  2       5      20        27
110     124     238      472 
Oneidas, at Oneida   ---------4                                       176
Oneidas (with Senecas)---------------4                2       17 
Oneidas (with Onondaas-------------19                24     29        72
255 
3,748 
I 


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