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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1856

[Utah],   pp. 224-236 PDF (5.8 MB)

Page 235

stealing their squaws and children and selling them as slaves to other 
tribes, as well as to the MeXican people. 
I noticed but a very few Indians on the Rio Virgin river; in fact, 
the barren and unproductive nature of the soil, as well as the waters 
of the river, which are strongly impregnated with alkali, and totally 
unfit for the use of man or beast, forbid any settlement thereon. 
At the foot of Rio Virgin mountain, distant thirty miles from the 
Muddy river, I was met by the chief of those Indians, accompanied by 
his band, who had heard by some Indians that 1 was camped at the foot 
of the mountain. I found them in about the same condition as those 
on the Santa Clara--naked and very destitute-although their pros- 
pect was better for immediate relief, as they brought some wheat into 
camp, which was nearly ripe, the growth of the present season. Like 
those on the Santa Clara, they depend in a great measure on their 
little farms or patches for subsistence, there being no game of conse- 
quence, and but few fish. I presented them some clothing, farming 
implements, garden seed, tobacco, &c. The chief, Tesing-gab-kah, 
remarked to me that he had heard of the great chief of the American 
people sending presents to the Utah Indians, and he often wondered 
why he and his band were overlooked, they having never before re- 
ceived any presents, nor having been visited by any of his chiefs until 
the present; although the white people had for years been passing 
through his land to and from California, and he had never received 
anything for the privilege. I assured him of the friendship of the gen. 
eral government towards all peaceable and friendly Indians, and that 
so long as they remain peaceable the government would have a care 
that their rights were not trampled on. 
The friendly bands of Utahs mentioned in my report of the 31st of 
March last have remained true to their pledge made me at that time, 
and have kept aloof from Tintick's hostile band; and it is a subject of 
general remark throughout the southern settlements that, notwith- 
standing the great scarcity of provisions, fewer depredations have been 
committed by them during the past season than ever before in any 
one year since the organization of the Territory. This result I at- 
tribute to the peace policy which has been pursued towards them by' 
the agents of the general government. But very few cases of petty 
thieving have been charged upon them, and those few only of minor 
importance. I do not feel at liberty to close this report without re- 
newing my recommendations made in former ones, that suitable re- 
serves be made for these southern Indians, and that competent farmers 
be employed to instruct them in agricultural pursuits and other arts 
of civilized life; for I am well assured, and close observation for the 
last twelve months warrants me in saying, that this is beyond doubt 
the most economical as well as the best policy that can be pursued 
towards them, I have also endeavored to impress upon the Utah In- 
dians the great evil-which must result to them if they continue steal- 
ing, or taking by force, the squaws oi" children of the Piedes-that
the general government will be constrained to take notice of and pun- 
ish all such offences committed upon the weaker tribes; and I believe 
those admonitions will have a good effect. 
Of Tintick's band, but little is known. I learned from Some of the 

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