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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1856

[New Mexico],   pp. 180-184 PDF (2.2 MB)

Page 182

country during the forepart of the present month, and gave them a 
supply of clothing, blankets, implements for cooking, hatchets, knives, 
tobacco, &c., for which they appeared very grateful; and they ex- 
pressed great friendship for the whites, and a desire to be located in 
permanent homes where they could cultivate the soil on a more en- 
larged scale. 
Of the Utahs, I have but little to add to my last annual report. 
Both the Capote and Mohuache bands of this tribe have remained 
peaceable and quiet, waiting patiently for the ratification of the trea-
ties concluded between them and the commissioner on the part of 
the United States, during the last year, and professing a willingness 
to commehce farming next spring, provided permanent homes are 
assigned to them. At the time and place of meeting the Jicarilla 
Apaches, I also caused the Capotes and Mohuaches to be assembled, 
and gave them similar presents. 
During the last spring a large number of sheep and some cattle and 
horses were stolen by the Navajoes, and several persons in charge of 
this stock were killed. The agent for these Indians, H. L. Dodge, 
immediately demanded of the chiefs and headmen a restitution of the 
stolen property, and a surrender of the murderers for trial and pun- 
ishment; and being supported in these demands by Major Kendrick, 
commanding Fort Defiance, the wealthy nen of the tribe have, by 
contributions, partially indemnified the owners of the property stolen, 
and still profess a disposition to make good the remainder as soon as 
they are able to do so. But they say that the perpetrators of these 
outrages consist of a few bad men who cannot be controlled; that they 
have fled from the remainder of the tribe, and cannot be apprehended; 
and they contend that the whole tribe should not be held responsible 
for the conduct of a few bad men., They also informed Agent Dodge 
that if our government desired to punish the innocent for the conduct 
of the guilty, the troops might come on, for they would not attempt 
to get out of the way or resist. This language was held after first 
trying a more defiant tone, and finding that it would not answer. 
I have heard of no depredations having been committed by the 
Navajoes for several months past; and it is my decided opinion that 
a very large majority of the tribe are peaceably disposed, but they 
have a set of bad men among them whom those well disposed either 
cannot or will not control; and, notwithstanding thes are unwantable 
and unfortunate occurrences, this tribe continues to cultivate the soil,
and progress towards civilization with considerable success. They 
are improving their condition from year to year, and a necessity for 
an open rupture between them and the United States is to be deplored; 
as a successful campaign into their country would seriously retard the 
improvement of the Indians, and an unsuccessful one would but tend 
to irritate and render them more hostile. 
Although this Territory has not remained free from Indian depre- 
dations since the date of my last annual report, yet such occurrences 
have been less serious than during any preceding year since my ap- 
pointment to this office. The various pueblos, or villages, of par- 
tially civilized Indians, located in various sections of this Territory,
continue to maintain their character as peaceable and industrious 

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