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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1856

[Texas],   pp. 173-180 PDF (3.4 MB)

[New Mexico],   pp. 180-184 PDF (2.2 MB)

Page 180

schools would prepare the rising generation for the more useful walks 
and occupations of life, I would therefore recommend that the attention 
of the department be called to this important subject. The result of the
pest year's operation is, that the different tribes have fine farms, under
good fences, and in a good state for next year's cultivation, and nothing
but the most unforeseen accident will prevent them from making plenty 
for their subsistence, and, indeed, a surplus. The Caddoes have in 
cultivation about 150 acres of land; the Anadahkos about 140; the 
Wacoes and Tahwaccanos 150; and the Tonkahuas 100; all of which, 
as before stated, are in good condition for next crop. The farmers in 
the employ of the government have performed their duties to my entire 
satisfaction, and the contractors have not failed in furnishing supplies.
All of which is respectfully submitted. 
Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 
S. P. ROSS, 
Special Agent Texas Indians. 
Maijor R. S. NEIGHB01S, 
Supervising Agent Texas Indians. 
No. 71. 
Santa F6, September 30, 1856. 
Sm: Having transmitted to your office monthly reports of the seve- 
ral Indian agents attached to this superintendency, and also from this 
office, giving you information of the condition of Indian affairs for 
each month of the present year, an elaborate annual report is deemed 
The Mimbres Apaches have remained peaceable and quiet since the 
date of my last annual report, and are cultivating the soil with com- 
mendable diligence, and with as much success as could reasonably be 
expected-so much so, that their agent, Doctor Steck, informs me 
that these Indians will raise half enough corn and vegetables to sub- 
sist the band during the next year, which indicates a decidedim- 
provement of their condition. I regret that so favorable a report cai- 
not be made of the conduct and condition of the Mescalero Apaches. 
These Indians are charged with having committed numerous depre- 
dations upon the white citizens of this Territory, which have been 
reported to you in detail through the monthly reports of Agent Steck. 
They have not attempted to cultivate the soil, but continue to glean a 
precarious subsistence by the chase, and occasional thefts and rob- 
beries.  Nor do I believe it practicable to induce these Indians to 
abandon their predatory habits, and resort to a cultivation of the soil 
for a subsistence, until they have permanent homes assigned and 
secured to them. I can discover no improvement in their condition; 
but since the death of Palanquito, the head chief, his son, Cadete, 
who succeeds him, has surrendered ai number of horses, stolen from 

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