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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1856
([1856])

[Texas],   pp. 173-180 PDF (3.4 MB)


Page 179

INDIANS OF TEXAS. 
of stealing parties from those bands, which creates an excitement ex- 
tremely detrimental to the furtherance of the present policy of our 
government. I most respectfully suggest that this matter be brought 
to the immediate consideration of the department at Washington. A 
Witchita chief and five of his men recently visited the Wacoes and 
Tahwaccanos of this agency, with whom they have been intimately 
connected, to witness the prosperity of those tribes since their settle-
ment. "Their visit seems to have been highly satisfactory to them, 
and they requested, before leaving, that their people might also be 
brought to the notice of the general government, so that they could 
be settled and cared for like those they saw at this reservation. 
It is my opinion that the government would do more towards the 
breaking up of the unsettled affairs above us, by settling those tribes 
on lands similar to our own, as it seems to be the established policy of
our government to pacify. I think that the sooner our border Indians 
are permanently settled, the better it will be for our frontier settlements.
The Indians at the several villages have neat cottages, with good 
gardens and fields adjacent, and the many conveniences to be seen on 
every hand give me abundant evidence of the progress made by the 
Indians since their settlement. The Caddoes and Anadahkos show a 
great desire for the adoption of the customs as well as the habits of 
the white men. They have also held themselves ready and willing to 
assist in rescuing any property stolen from the citizens on this frontier
by the roving bands of hostile Indians. I also notice that these Indians
are conquering to a great extent their old disposition for roving ; there
seems to be now more attraction for them at home among their families. 
This marked advancement in their civilization is evident to all who 
visit this reservation. 
There has been but one case of drunkenness reported to me during 
the year, and that was by the Caddo chief, who made one of a party 
who took me to the place where the liquor was sold, (within the juris- 
diction of the intercourse laws,) and assisted me in destroying it. 
The several chiefs, and lfrincipal men of the Indian tribes now here, 
are very desirous of cutting off all traffic in spirituous liquors. There
have been no depredations committed by any of the Indians of this 
reserve, and the same peaceful relations which have so long existed 
between the different tribes still continue. The health of the Indians 
during the year has been remarkably good, but very few deaths occur- 
ring, which is attributable to the cleanliness of themselves and their 
lodges., 
Thefarms did not yield as abundantly as was expected; indeed 
there was not enough raised for the subsistence of the people of the 
reserve, notwithstanding the extraordinary exertions of the Indians 
themselves. The early appearance of the grasshopper, and at a later 
period the extremely dry and hot weather, precluded the possibility 
of making anything like half a crop. I have had turnips sown on 
the farms, and am now preparing for wheat. 
There is a large number of children of both sexes among the Indians 
of this reserve. They are growing up in ignorance and superstition, 
which might be averted by a suitable appropriation for educational 
purposes. It being understood by a majority of these Indians that 
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