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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1856

[Texas],   pp. 173-180 PDF (3.4 MB)

Page 178

friendly with the whites, and receive an annuity from the govern- 
ment. Very recently a party of them passed near this reserve; they 
were seen by the friendly Indians, and stated to them that they had 
been to Mexico, and had returned by the way of the frontier settle- 
ments for the purpose of getting horses, and that they had an engage- 
ment with some American troops, in which some of their men had 
beei wounded.   This same party of Indians drove off some beef 
cattle belonging to the Indian trader, Mr. Barnard, and stole from 
the vicinity of Fort Belknap seven head of horses. 
It is to be regretted that treaty stipulations are not more rigidly 
enforced, as th. Indian policy of the government cannot succeed un- 
less all the Indians on the frontier are forced to observe the treaties 
they have made. 
There are now on this reservation 557 Indians, and I anticipate in 
a short time the arrival of the Tenamis band, numbering some four or 
five hundred more; they are now but a few days' ride from here, and 
are making preparations to come in and become permanent settlers. 
I feel confident that the Indians now here, and those bands belonging 
to them who are expected, will keep the treaty they have made, and 
abandon the roving life they have heretofore led. 
Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 
. .Special Agent Texas Indians. 
Supervising Agent, Brazos Agency, Texas. 
No. 70. 
September 30, 1856. 
SiR: I have the honor herewith to transmit the following report as 
to the condition -and progress of the Texas Indians confided to my im- 
mediate care on this reservation: 
On the first day of this month I had been in office one year, and in 
glancing back over the operations of that time, I am forcibly convinced 
that the present Indian policy, so wisely entertained and practically 
adhered to, has occasioned a very decided improvement in the moral 
and mental condition of these Indians; and I am satisfied that in a 
few years longer, with the same care and treatment you have so dili- 
gently superintended, will place the Texas Indians now settled upon 
this reserve far in advance of any Indians now enjoying the protection 
of our government. 
There are at present some outside influences, that tend in some 
measure to disturb that quiet of the Indians on this reserve so greatly 
to be desired ; and I would earnestly, recommend the propriety of set- 
tling down upon lands similar to those of this agency the now roving 
and hostile bands of Comanches and Witchitas living north of us. 
Rumors are constantly coming into the Indian villages of the approach 

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