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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1856

[Central superintendency],   pp. 65-131 PDF (28.8 MB)

Page 130

in the removal, at the very time that he should have been vigorous 
and prompt in his duty, refused to give me any further assistance. 
Thus the matter ended, after every exertion on my part to carry 
out the views and instructions of the Department of Indian Affairs. 
The larger portion of the half-breed Kansas reserve now quietly rests 
in the possession of the intruders, after actually driving by force and 
violence from one or two of the tracts the identical Indians for whom 
the land was reserved. Those who have unhesitatingly, and in defi- 
ance of all law and authority, settled upon and occupied this land, 
may for some time live in the enjoyment of their illegal proceedings; 
but I do sincerely hope there will be some action taken on the part of 
Congress during its next session that will result in the benefit of 
those poor, inoffensive, unsuspecting Indians, who have been wronged 
and outraged by lawless and crafty white men. The half-breed Kan- 
sas, or the greater number of them, are industrious and intelligent, 
well versed in the English, French and Kaw languages, profess the 
Catholic religion, and have almost a thorough knowledge of the arts 
of husbandry, in which some of the Indians are considerably engaged. 
Owing to the remoteness of this part of my agency from the main 
tribe with whom I am stationed, and owing to the great inconvenience 
of travelling, I have not been able to visit the half-breeds as often as
necessary. I do not know what may have been the policy adopted by 
the government in the civilization of the Kansas at the time they 
were separated from the half-breeds, but I am forced to believe that 
the separation of the main tribe and the half-breeds has only retarded 
the progress of the civilization and christianizing of tije former; from
the fact, that there has been no change in the Indian customs and 
manners to those of the white man; and from the fact that there have 
been no white people or half-breeds among the full-blooded Indians 
since they were removed from the Kansas river to this place. The 
native Indians having no white people affiliated with their tribe have 
strictly adhered to their natural customs and pursuits of life. The 
Canadian French, in my opinion, have done more to civilize the 
Kansas than all the schools and moral institutions that have ever 
been established for their benefit. In consequence of the boundaries 
of the Kansas reservation not having been surveyed and maiked at 
the time the Territory of Kansas was thrown open to settlement, 
many persons ignorant of the designated bounds of the Kansas re- 
serve, and guided only by a map of the geographical position of the 
Indian reservations respectively, unhesitatingly settled upon a stream 
called Rock creek, which stream, since the bounds of the reserve have 
recently been surveyed, is found to be entirely within the country of 
the Kansas Indians. Those settlers, and also those on the Neosho, 
above this place, who thought at the time they settled there that they 
were on government lands, and also those settlers on the Neosho, below 
the junction of Rock creek with the Neosho river, and within the 
bounds of the Kansas reserve, have been of great annoyance and 
trouble to this agency.  Measures are soon tp be taken for their 
removal ; but judging from former experience in removing people from 
Indian lands, I fear that I will not be able to succeed. Where a cer- 
tain class of people assume to themselves the right to judge of mat- 

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