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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1856
([1856])

[Central superintendency],   pp. 65-131 PDF (28.8 MB)


Page 70

CENTRAL SUIPERINTENDENCY. 
the farmer; the union of both of these occupations is desireable f&r
communities just emerging from social infancy. 
The lands recently selected for, and-now occupied by, the Christian 
Indians, are well adapted to agricultural purposes, and it is hoped 
that they will now peacefully enjoy the munificent arrangement made 
for them by the government, and shortly exhibit the fruits of the labors
of their pious instructors. 
In consequence of the difference in the character of the bands com- 
posing the same tribe, a wide discrepancy in moral and intellectual 
advancement is frequently apparent amongst them. Under the pre- 
sent system, they are all subjected to the same treatment and influ- 
ence-'this is obviously unjust and unwise. In no tribe is this evil 
more apparent than among the Pottawatomies; one portion of this 
tribe is quiet, orderly, and disposed to turn their attention to agricul-
ture and other peaceful employments; the other portion has inclina- 
tion directly the opposite, leading them to war and to the chase as a 
means of subsistence. Among the first named class are to be found 
individuals, who are not only educated in the common manner, but 
who have made some proficiency in classics and the higher departments 
of learning, and who now realize the necessity of preparing themselves 
for the inevitable consequences of an intimate contact with the white 
race. Whenever it shall be determined to treat with the Pottawat- 
omies, a decided discrimination should be made between the different 
bands, in regard to the localities to be selected for their occupancy, 
and the mode of government to which they to be are subjected. 
The Sacs and Foxes, who have been in contact with civilization for 
years, continue unchanged, and are now, as heretofore, distinguished 
for there courage in war and their indomitable energy in the chase. 
They have uniformly refused the services of the missionary and the 
farmer, and continue to inhabit bark huts, constructed in the rude 
style of their fathers. The are expert in the use of fire-arms; and 
by their adventurous courage have so often defeated the Comanches 
in the open prairies, though greatly outnumbered by the latter, that 
the very sound of the name of Sacs causes a panic among those very 
bands of Comanches long considered so terrible upon the frontiers of 
Texas. 
The Wyandotts, who, by the treaty of 1855, will soon emerge from 
their tribal sondition, are composed of some individuals distinguished 
for their intelligence and probity, and of others who, I fear, are yet 
unfited to assume the responsibilities of civilized life. It is probable
that the last mentioned part of the tribe will endeavor to establish 
themselves among the Senecas, or some other tribes more congenial 
to their inclinations. The commissioners are now engaged in the 
survey, assessment, and selection of the Wyandott lands. 
The Delawares and Shawnees are perceptibly advancing in the arts 
-ofcivilization, awaiting the changes and trials to which they must 
soon be subjected by their immediate contact with the surrounding 
white society. 
I regret that the assessment and selection of the Shawnee lands 
have been necessarily deferred in consequence of the incompleteness 
of the surveys of that reserve; I have, however, reason to expect that 
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