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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1856
([1856])

Report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs,   pp. [3]-24 PDF (10.1 MB)


Page 16

REPORT OF THE 
flocks, and raise wheat and other products of the soil. It is suggested 
that as these Indians are about three hundred miles from any agency, 
they should have an agent assigned them. Although the treaties 
which have been negotiated with the Indians of New Mexico, by virtue 
of the act of Congress of July 31, 1854, were not ratified by the 
Senate at its last session, yet Congress, by making an appropriation 
for assisting the Indians to settle in permanent abodes, &c., has indi-
cated its approval of the objects sought by them, and early measures 
should be taken to institute a scheme of colonization for the Indians 
of New Mexico; for, without some essential change in the condition 
and habits of the more uncivilized bands of Indians there, we can 
only expect a recurrence of the former unsettled and unsatisfactory 
condition of Indian affairs in that Territory. 
The Indians in the Territory of Utah have, with but few exceptions, 
continued quiet and peaceable. According to recent reports, some of 
them have manifested an aptitude and disposition for agricultural 
labor beyond the general expectation. For reasons adverted to in 
my annual report for 1855, instructions were not given for entering 
into negotiations with the Indians in Utah, as had been contemplated 
in accordance with the act appropriating money for that purpose. 
And as the department designed for these tribes articles similar in 
some respects to those framed with tribes in New Mexico, so long as 
the treaties negotiated with the latter were not ratified by the Senate,
it has been deemed proper not to prosecute negotiations with tribes 
in Utah. Agent Hurt, however, without instructions, entered into 
an agreement of peace and friendship, as the department was advised 
in August, 1855, with the Shoshonee tribe, but the original instru- 
ment has never been received here. That agent has also taken the 
responsibility of collecting Indians at three several locations within 
the Territory of Utah, and commenced a system of farming for their 
benefit. As the enterprise has not been sanctioned or provided for 
by appropriations for that purpose, and was believed to involve a larger
expenditure than existing appropriations would warrant, without 
condemning his action in this respect, I have felt constrained to with- 
hold an express approval of his course. 
The report of Superintendent Henley presents an intelligent view 
of our Indian relations in California. There are now four permanent 
reservations established: the Tejon, in the southwestern part of the 
State; the Nome Lackee, in Colusa county, west of the Sacrament6 
river; the Klamath, on a river of the same name, which enters the 
Pacific o*ean about twenty miles south of Crescent city; andl the 
Mendocino, fifty miles south of Cape Mendocino, on the shore of the 
Pacific. About seven hundred acres of land have been cultivated 
this year at the Tejon-five hundred in wheat and barley, and the 
remainder in corn and vegetables. Owing to the drought in that 
region, the product of the farm is much less than it would otherwise 
have been, but it is sufficient for the consumption of the place. 
At the Nome Lackee, about one thousand acres were cultivated, 
producing about fifteen thousand bushels of wheat and corn, pump- 
kins, melons, turnips, and other vegetables in great abundance. The 
superintendent gives a very interesting account of the harvesting of 
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