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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1856
([1856])

Report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs,   pp. [3]-24 PDF (10.1 MB)


Page 14

14                     REPORT OF THE 
emigrate. The failure by Congress to make the necessary appropria- 
tions to carry out the provisions and purposes of the treaty is much 
to be regretted, as, had they been made, the necessary measures might 
have been promptly adopted, and the removal of the Indians probably 
effected during the present fall and ensuing winter. As these appro- 
priations passed the Senate, and only require the concurrence of the 
House of Representatives, which it is presumed may be had early the 
next session, it is hoped that they may-yet be placed within the power 
of the department before the present season for operations shall ex- 
pire. 
This treaty with the Creeks and Seminoles, is not confined to the 
sundering of a connexion humiliating to one and disadvantageous to 
both, and the opening of a better prospect for the early and peaceful 
removal of the Seminoles in Florida. Like the similar one of last 
year with the Choctaws and Chickasaws, it contains provisions which 
the department is assured will have a material bearing and effect upon 
the welfare and destiny of those tribes. The relations between them 
and the United States, as well as each other, are entirely revised, 
simplified, and placed upon a more elevated footing. The vague and 
confused mass of old treaty provisions in regard to them are annulled 
and superseded by a succinct and explicit specification of the rights 
and privileges of the Indians, and the obligations of the United States 
towards them. All questions of controversy between them and the 
government are settled and put at rest, and all their claims and de- 
mands adjusted, or put in a train of an early and equitable adjust- 
ment. There is no ground left for uncertainty in the future as to 
their positions, rights, or resources. Such is the character of these 
two treaties. They are probably the last that will ever have to be 
made with either of these four tribes, until they shall have become 
sufficiently advanced, and desire to be admitted to citizenship. This, 
many of the Choctaws and Chickasaws are already looking forward to 
with a degree of interest and eagerness which will greatly accelerate 
their advancement. In a very few years they will be fitted for, and 
doubtless seek, this change of condition. Their example will have a 
powerful effect upon the neighboring tribes of Cherokees, Creeks, and 
Seminoles ; and it is confidently hoped and expected that the present 
generation will not pass away, without witnessing the gratifying spec- 
tacle of all these important and now partially civilized tribes of the 
southwest, numbering over sixty-five thousand souls, becoming accept- 
able and useful citizens of the United States. 
The policy of colonizing the Indians of Texas was commenced 
early in February, 1855. The reservations for that purpose are in 
Young county, Texas, one on the Brazos river, and one on the Clear 
fork of the Brazos. The Caddoes, Anadahkos, Tahwakleros, Wakoes, 
and Tonkahwas, have been congregated at the former reserve, called 
the Brazos, and the Comanches at the latter, called the Comanche 
reserve. 
On the 18th of September last, there were nine hundred and forty- 
eight Indians at the Brazos, and five hundred and fifty-seven at the 
Comanche reservation. At the former, during the past season, there 
have been five hundred and forty acres of land fenced in and culti- 


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