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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1856

Report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs,   pp. [3]-24 PDF (10.1 MB)

Page 9

hoped that they will soon have the advice and assistance of the agent 
who has been appointed to reside among them, and that their condi- 
tion and prospects may be improved thereby. Their educational in- 
terests have been confided to the Presbyterian board, who are now 
erecting the necessary school and other buildings. 
Measures have been adopted to take a census of the half-breeds who 
are entitled to participate in the beneficial provisions of the 10th 
article of the treaty of Prairie du Chien, of the 15th July, 1830, to 
the end that the President may assign to each of them his or her 
portion of the reserve situate between the Big and Little Nemaha 
rivers, in Nebraska Territory. 
The Sacs and Foxes of Missouri have made but little progress in 
improvement. Those who have continued on the home reserve, have 
cultivated fields of corn, potatoes, and other vegetables, of all of which
they will have an abundant supply; and they have assured their 
agent that they will endeavor to improve in their habits and conduct. 
One of their chiefs (Ne son quoit) has exercised a very bad influence 
over a portion of the tribe ; but from the decline of his power, or from
conviction of his errors, he has recently sought a conference with the 
agent, confessed his faults, and promised reformation and obedience, 
and he with his band have settled down upon the reservation. 
The Ioways continue to make some advancement in agriculture. In 
addition to those heretofore engaged in farming, several young men 
of the tribe have recently selected farms, commenced making rails, 
and applied to their agent for wagons, oxen, and ploughs. The chiefs 
and headmen also seem to take additional interest in, and have prom- 
ised their aid to promote and advance, the cause of civilization. The 
law of the tribe for the suppression of intoxicating drinks has been 
observed, and its good effects are quite visible. The Ioway mission 
school is well managed, and is in a prosperous condition. In addition 
to the ordinary education, the boys are taught to labor on the farm 
and in the garden; to plough and drive team, and to handle and use 
mechanics' tools. The girls learn sewing, making clothes, cooking, 
and all the usual work of housekeeping. Notwithstanding the care 
bestowed upon them, and the comfortable condition in which they are 
kept, there is quite an aversion on the part of many of their parents 
to the children remaining at school. 
Success has attended the efforts of the Kickapoos, who have at 
length all quietly settled down upon their reserve and commenced the 
cultivation of the soil. The necessary steps have been taken to estab- 
lish among them ample accommodations for the education of all their 
youth, and with the means and facilities within their reach, and the 
present advanced state of many of the tribe, it is confidently expected 
that they will, in a very short time, be surrounded with all the neces- 
saries and comforts of life. 
Provision has been made for educational aid to the Christian In- 
dians, and, their reserve being adapted to agricultural uses, it is hoped
they will avail themselves of all the legitimate means within their 
reach, to improve their condition and to qualify themselves to dis- 
charge properly all their obligations and duties. 
Notwithstanding the warlike character of the Delaware Indians, 

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