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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1855

[Miscellaneous],   pp. 206-256 PDF (17.9 MB)

Page 208

sixty acres, according to the number of persons in such family; and 
where the Indian or Indians to whom land may be thus assigned shall 
give evidence of a desire to become 'civilized, remain upon and culti- 
vate and improve the tract so assigned, patents may issue to each, 
with a condition prohibiting alienation or forfeiture. 
The amount stipulated to be paid to the Indians in consideration of 
the cession of their right to the lands now claimed by them should be 
limited, and should be paid in annual instalments, running through 
not less than twenty nor more than thirty years, without interest; and 
the sum to be paid should be under the direction and control of the 
President, and to be expended annually and every year for such ob- 
jects and purposes as in his judgment will promote their comfort and 
civilization, supply their necessary wants, and educate their children. 
I transmit herewith several treaties recently made with Indian 
tribes, from which you will observe various provisions for the protec- 
tion of the Indians, and which will be as applicable in New Mexico 
as elsewhere, and to which your attention is called, with the expecta- 
tion that, so far as in your opinion may be proper, the same may be 
inserted in the treaties you may conclude. 
I desire that you will, in addition, provide that the laws now in 
force, or which may hereafter be enacted by Congress, for the regula- 
tion of trade, and intercourse with the Indians tribes, shall continue 
and be in force within the country set apart for the respective tribe or
tribes to whom you may assign reserves; and that such portions of 
said laws as prohibit the introduction, manufacture, use of, and traffic
in ardent spirits in the Indian country, shall continue and be in 
force within the country ceded to the United States, until otherwise 
provided by Congress. 
It should be specifically provided that no part of the annual 
amounts stipulated to be paid the Indians should ever be appropriated 
by the chiefs or headmen to the payment of tribal obligations to 
traders or other persons; the object being to introduce the same prin- 
ciple of dealing which prevails among the whites, and leaving every 
Indian to pay the debts which he may contract to his trader or other 
person from his own means or labor alone. 
In view of the unsettled condition of our Indian affairs in your ter- 
ritory, I have to say, that in your discretion such modifications of the
views here submitted, in relation to the stipulations to be inserted in 
the treaties, and the locations of the reserves for the permanent homes 
of the Indians, may be made as you may adjudge necessary; keeping 
in mind, in all that may be done by you in the premises, the perma- 
nent welfare of the Indians, and the least &raft, in the present or the
future, on the treasury, consistent with a proper and just conduct 
towards them. In my opinion, the amount to be paid should have 
some reference to the number in the tribe or bands, as well as the 
extent of their claim to territory, and the quality of the same, and 
should be confined to a sum sufficient only to aid the Indians, with 
the help of their own labor, to better their condition. 
Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 
GEO. W. MANYPENNY, Commissioner. 
Governor of New Mexico. 

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