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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1855
([1855])

[Indians of the territory of Utah],   pp. 195-206 PDF (5.2 MB)


Page 201

COMMISSIONER OF INDIAN AFFAIRS. 
faithfully rendered, and I thought it but just that they should be 
paid; for, though the crops are small, the improvements on the lands 
are not lost, and will be of great advantage in preparing for a crop 
next season, and I shall be careful to hold those improvements as 
agency property. I would take occasion to suggest here that treaties 
ought to be negotiated with these tribes, as early as possible, for the 
title to their lands, which are now held and occupied by the whites. 
It is a thing almost unprecedented in the history of our Indian policy 
to go into any State or Territory and make extensive and permanent 
improvements upon soil claimed by Indians without extinguishing 
those claims by treaty. 
This delay is not only unjust to the Indians, by depriving them of 
their wonted hunting grounds, without paying that respect to their 
claims which is due them, according to our usage with other tribes, 
but it is equally so to the pioneer settler, who is forced to pay a con-
stant tribute to these worthless creatures, because they claim that the 
land, the wood, the water, and the grass are theirs, and we have not 
paid them for these things. The funds which would fall due these 
tribes by the negotiation of such treaties, if properly managed, would 
go far to remove from the people the burden which is consequent upon 
their support. 
In conclusion, I would remark that we have reason to congratulate 
ourselves upon the success of the efforts which have been made to cul- 
tivate and sustain peaceful relations with the nations throughout the 
Territory; and when we look around and see to what a vast expense 
the government has been in the Indian service in the adjoining Terri- 
tories, we are forced to conclude that the policy which has been pur- 
sued in this is the best that could have been adopted under the cir- 
cumstances. Believing that where peace can be sustained at a less 
expense than war it is certainly most desirable, especially in a Terri- 
tory so remote from the parent country and so inaccessible to troops. 
Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 
GARLAND HURT, 
Indian Agent for Utah. 
His Excellency BRIGHAM YOUNG, 
Governor and Ex-Qffcio Superintendent 
Indian Affairs, Utah Territory. 
No. 101. 
CITY OF PROVO, June 30, 1855. 
SIR: In conformity with the usages of the Indian Department, I have 
the honor to transmit to you my report for the quarter ending June 
30, and through you to the Department of Indian Affairs. 
Since entering upon the duties of Indian sub-agent for the Terri- 
tory of Utah, on the 27th of April last, my operations have been lim- 
ited to the vicinity of Provo city. On the 21st of May last, during 
my absence at Salt Lake city, on business for the Indian Department, 
(See vouchers, Nos. 1 & 2,) a report was circulated that a mare and 
colt had been killed, belonging to a chief of the Utah tribe of Indians,
I 
201 


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