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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1855
([1855])

[New Mexico Indians],   pp. 186-192 PDF (2.8 MB)


Page 188

REPORT OF THE 
with a small quantity of wheat, some potatoes, and other vegetables. 
They have a large number of sheep and horses, some mules and cat- 
tle, and are manufacturing blankets, and other articles of clothing, in 
increased quantities. I feel confident that there has been a decided 
improvement in the condition of these Indians within the last two 
years, and I feel equally confident that judicious management and the 
fostering care of the government will soon make them a prosperous, 
happy, and contented people. 
The Capote Utahs have remained at peace during the continuance 
of our other Indian difficulties; and have, at length, consented to be- 
gin to cultivate the soil for a subsistence, and I have strong hopes of 
their doing so successfully. 
There are several bands of the Apache tribe of Indians inhabiting 
the country watered by the Gila river and its tributaries, of whom I 
have but little reliable information, which are generally known by 
the general name of Gila Apaches, but are divided into four distinct 
bands, viz: the Mogoyones, Coyoteros, Garroteros, and Tontos. No 
direct official intercourse has ever been opened with any of these 
bands that I am apprised of; and the little information in my posses- 
sion, relative to their condition, habits, &c., is derived from a few
travellers and hunters who have passed through their countries, all 
of whom represent them as roving bands who live by the chase, and 
commit depredations upon travellers and their more civilized Indian 
neighbors, whenever a favorable opportunity cccurs. 
A more intimate knowledge of the Indians of this Territory induces 
me to correct the estimate of their numbers, contained in my last 
annual report; and I now submit the following estimate, with the 
suggestion that the data upon which the number of the several bands 
called Gila Apaches is based is of an uncertain character. 
I estimate the number of Mescaleros at one hundred and fifty war- 
riors, and from seven hundred to seven hundred and fifty souls; the 
Mimbres Apaches at one hundred and seventy-five warriors, and from 
eight hundred to eight hundred and fifty souls ; the Jicarellas at sixty
warriors, and from two hundred and fifty to three hundred souls; the 
Mogoyones at one hundred and twenty-five warriors, and from five to 
six hundred souls; the Coyoteros at sevenhundred and fifty warriors, 
and from three to four thousand souls; the Garroteros at one hundred 
and fifty warriors, and from seven to eight hundred souls; and the 
Tontos at two hundred warriors, and from eight to nine hundred 
souls. This estimate would give to the entire Apache tribe a total of 
about sixteen hundred warriors and seven thousand souls. 
The Navajoes I would estimate at fifteen hundred warriors and seven 
thousand five hundred souls. 
The Capote Utahs I would estimate at two hundred and fifty warri- 
ors, and one thousand souls; the Mohuaches at two hundred and fifty 
warriors, and one thousand souls, and the Pahutas at one hundred 
warriors, and from four to five hundred souls. This would give to the 
Utah tribe six hundred warriors, and about two thousand five hun- 
dred souls. 
These estimates embrace all the Indians regularly living within this 
territory, except the Pueblo Indians, though the Utahs from Utah 
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