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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1855
([1855])

[Texas Indians],   pp. 177-186 PDF (4.2 MB)


Page 184

184                     REPORT OF THE 
tribes with which they moved and slept,) many of the evil effects 
which have followed in its train would have been avoided. 
In obedience to your instructions of March, 18551 covering a copy 
of those from the Indian Bureau to you of February 2, 1855, I have 
located and settled on this reservation seven hundred and ninety-two 
Indians; there are yet north of Red river near two hundred Wacoes, 
Tawaccoroes, Caddoes, and Anadahcoes, entitled to settlement here. 
Recent runners returned here from that section report that the Wichita 
chief informed them that he has been told, through Black Beaver's 
guide and interpreter, at Fort Arbuckle, that arrangements are mak- 
ing to settle them there with the Wichitas, and that much is to be 
given them there, &c., if they remain. How this is I cannot say, but
would suggest the propriety of ascertaining the facts, being, if true, 
in conflict with the recommendations from this agency, and if false, 
needs a remedy. The people that are settled evince a willing dispo - 
sition to aid the efforts in their behalf by every means in their power,
so far as their limited knowledge extends, in the acquisition of which 
they are making rapid progress. They are busily engaged in build- 
ing houses, enclosing lands, &c. I ploughed and planted in corn, at 
an expenditure of $1,750, two hundred and ninety-five acres of land. 
The late period of planting, and dry weather, caused the yield to be 
probably but little over one thousand bushels, and much of this, with 
their own patches, was consumed in roasting ears, on account of the 
difficulty of procuring for issue a regular supply of bread stuffs. One 
hundred acres in addition have been ploughed without planting, at an 
expense of three hundred and eighty-seven dollars and fifty cents. 
The lands were cultivated by the Indians, and upon which they raised 
a good supply of melons, pumpkins, &c. 
Public buildings have been put up for use at this agency, viz: house 
for agents, kitchen, storeroom, two houses for employes, and black- 
smith's shop, at a cost of eighteen hundred and sixty dollars. The 
Comanches were removed from this to the reservation on Clear Fork 
in May last, previous to which time they had been temporarily located 
here. 
I have in employment at this agency two farmers, instructing the 
Indians in farm labor, use of tools, plans for their villages, houses, 
farms, &c., and two laborers to aid the farmers, and one blacksmith 
repairing guns, farming utensils, wagons, and other smith's work 
found necessary for government use. Their appointments are made 
temporarily, as I have received no instructions to make them perma- 
nent. I would recommend that this be done; that one or two addi- 
tional laborers be employed ; that the farmers and blacksmiths may 
give bonds and receipt for property, and be required to report regu- 
larly. This will be the more necessary on the procurement of the 
proper supply of farming utensils, iron, steel, &c., this fall, necessary
for the service. 
As I am about to retire from duty as an Indian agent, and go to 
my farm and family near the frontier of Texas, in the vicinity of which 
I have lived for nearly twenty years, and expect to remain during life, 
I hope I will be indulged here in expressing my ardent desire that 
nothing may intervene to cause the United States to change the pre- 


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