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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1855

[Texas Indians],   pp. 177-186 PDF (4.2 MB)

Page 182

the Indians, and compare it to what it was, to convince the most 
skeptical that the one now pursued is the true policy for our wild In- 
Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 
Supervising Agent Texas Indians. 
CHJARLES E. Mix, Esq., 
Acting Commissioner of Indian 4ffairs, 
Washington, D. C. 
No. 92. 
BRAzos AGENCY, TEXAS, August 31, 1855. 
SIR: In obedience to the regulations of the Indian Bureau, I deem 
it proper for me to submit a condensed statement of the operations of 
this agency since my last annual report, previous to being relieved 
from duty, in obedience to your instructions of this date. 
A detailed account of my movements on this portion of the frontier, 
subsequent to my last annual report, is given in my communication 
of the 15th December last, up to which time it will be seen that 
nothing intervened to check the constantly increasing friendly dispo- 
sitions and desire for permanent location on the part of each tribe, 
specially in charge of this agency, as well as of the Peneticoks or 
southern band of Comanches, which had located on this portion of 
the frontier preparatory to final settlement, visited and conferred with
freely in an assembled condition, in the latter part of November, and 
again early in December last. In January, Sanaco, one of the chiefs 
of this band, with probably about eight hundred souls, fled precipi- 
tately from his encampment on the waters of the Clear Fork, sending 
runners to advise Katemse (in charge of the remaining portion of 
their band) to follow him. This alarm was caused by a communica- 
tion from a German, who had taken upon himself the responsibility 
of a trade with these people, (a Mr. Leyendecker,) made through a 
party of Sanaco's people, who had visited Chadbourne for trade, as 
follows, as near as close investigation has enabled me to procure it: 
taking a "-1paper," and looking at it for some time, he (Leyendecker)
said, "if you want anything more, trade quickly, mount your horse, 
go to Sanaco's camp, and tell him the white people are collecting 
together to kill him and all his people, I see it on this paper; tell 
him, if he wishes to live, to go to the north as quick as possible-do 
not eat, sleep, or rest, until you give him this talk from his friend."
Katemse chose to remain, submitting his claims for protection under 
the treaty of 1846 and the more recent guaranties of the government 
through the agents. The assembling of white people, alluded to by 
Mr. L., was doubtless that of the expedition against Indians, alluded 
to by you in your instructions of the 7th January, received by me on 
the 22d same month, requiring my coperation in the objects of the 
expedition, so far as necessary, and the use of all proper means for 

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