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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1855

[Texas Indians],   pp. 177-186 PDF (4.2 MB)

Page 180

datory habits. It is all a mistake to suppose that the Comanches can- 
not be controlled and settled down; they are as intelligent, and more 
crafty, than any other of our prairie bands, and, at the same time, 
will maintain their roving and depredating habits as long as they can. 
They will yield to the whites and avoid a war with us whenever they 
find that the gevernment has resolved to use force, if necessary, to 
comply with its policy. I have watched closely the disposition of the 
Comanches now settled; and their head chief, being a great personal 
friend and a man of much intelligence, I have conversed freely with 
him; he fully sustains me in the above views, and says, "if the 
United States will act energetically and in good faith," all the Co-
manches will settle down; but it is absolutely necessary to have a 
police sufficient to punish those who are refractory. 
Although six months have only passed since the initiation of the 
present policy, it has attracted the attention of all the Indians within
reach, and I have had application from the Wichitas, and a number 
of other Indians who do not belong to Texas, for permission to settle 
on the reservations, but in conducting the settlements I conceived it 
to be my duty to prohibit the introduction of any Indians not properly 
belonging to Texas. 
There can be no doubt of the success of the policy, so far as the 
Texas Indians proper are concerned, and I would earnestly commend 
it to the fostering care of the general government as the most humane 
and economical that could possibly be followed, and one that, in a very 
short time, will relieve our frontier forever from the scenes of murder 
and theft that have retarded the extension of civilization for so many 
As I have from time to time, in my monthly reports, made such 
suggestions as were deemed necessary at the time, to render the ser- 
vice efficient, I deem it unnecessary to recapitulate. 
Herewith you will find annual estimates of funds required for the 
support of Indians settled, pay of agents, interpreters, &c., &c.,
which will explain themselves; you will perceive that the whole 
amount required is $89,658 50, embracing $5,000 for the establish- 
ment of a mission and school, against $101,430, appropriated last 
year for Texas Indian service; this estimate is made to embrace the 
employment of three farmers and five laborers to assist and instruct the
Indians in the preparation of their farms. Although I have deemed 
it proper to estimate for bread stuff, it is confidently anticipated that,
with the assistance afforded them in the preparation of their farms, 
there will be a surplus of corn raised on both reservations next year; 
as the tribes, parties to the supplemental treaty, evinced every dispo- 
sition to sustain themselves. 
Provision has already been made to furnish the Indians now settled 
with stock cattle, wagons, and teams, ploughs and all necessary farm- 
ing utensils this fall, and you will perceive by reference to the 8th 
article of the supplemental treaty that they have given full guaran- 
tees for their proper use; besides, by the employment of reliable men 
as farmers, who will be placed in charge of the articles given them 
for farming purposes, it will insure their proper application. 

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