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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1855
([1855])

[Texas Indians],   pp. 177-186 PDF (4.2 MB)


Page 178

REPORT OF THE 
make their own bread. Accompanying, I beg leave to submit Special 
Agent Hill's report of 31st August, which will inform you more in 
detail in regard to his operations. 
There are now settled on this reservation, as you will perceive by 
reference to the census rolls herewith enclosed, 794 Indians of the fol-
cowing tribes, to wit: 205 Anadahkos, 188 Caddoes, 136 Tahwac- 
lorrocs, 94 Wacoes, and 171 Tonkahwas. They embrace a majority 
of the above tribes, and it is confidently expected that before the 
end of the present fiscal year, the whole of them will be settled down 
permanently. As regards the Indians already settled down on this 
reservation, I must say that, for good behavior, morality, and in- 
dustry they have far exceeded my most sanguine expectations; there 
has not been, within my knowledge, a single case of drunkenness, 
and not a gallon of spirits sold on the reservation; this is simply the 
result of the wishes of the Indians themselves, as there has been no 
police, and there has been but one depredation committed, as far as 
known, upon any of the white settlers in the neighborhood; when 
application was made to the chief, the offender was immediately given 
up and reparation made. I must say, that a more peaceful and quiet 
settlement does not exist in any portion of Texas than is now found 
on this reservation, and all that visit it are astonished at the progress
made by the Indians in the arts of civilized life. So far as the tribes 
above named are concerned, the policy now pursued can no longer be 
called an experiment. 
There are now settled on the reservation on Clear Fork, Brazos, 
277 Comanches. The season was so far advanced before they could 
be located that it was impossible to commence farming operations this 
season, but from the disposition evinced by them, and the willingness 
with which they have submitted to all the requisitions of the agents, 
and from their anxiety to remain as permanent settlers, I have no 
doubt of success in their settlement, and that in a short time the 
whole southern band will settle down. You will perceive, by the 
census roll, that their numbers are gradually increasing. It has been 
very difficult to do away with the mistrust engendered by the mili- 
tary movements last winter, and it will require time and great care to 
make them understand the advantages of the present policy. I do 
not consider our exertions, so far, a test of what may be done to settle
them down, as they were only removed to their lands about the 1st of 
June, and the changes in the Indian agents have rendered it impos- 
sible to give them a resident agent on the reservation; consequently, 
their settlement has not, as yet, assumed that degree of permanency 
which is apparent on the lower reservation. Having to devote my 
whole time to the duties that should be properly discharged by the resi-
dent agents, I have had no opportunity of negotiating with any of the 
bands who are now absent. I confidently expect, during the present 
fall, a large increase to the Comanche settlements; I have been for 
about two months in correspondence with the chief, Sanaco, who 
went off last winter ; he has promised to come in this fall. In accord- 
ance with your instructions, (to establish temporary rules for the gov- 
ernment of the reservations,) I, in concert with Special Agent Hill, 
have done so; the Indians acknowledging the treaty of 1846 as still 
178 


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