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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1855

[Southern superintendency],   pp. 119-177 PDF (23.0 MB)

Page 174

favorable season more would have been raised than the pepple needed, 
but I am sorry to say we have had but very little rain. 
Allow me, in conclusion, to request you to urge upon the general 
government the claims of this people on its sympathy, to aid them in. 
the work of education and civilization. 
Do not think I have said too much on this subject. 
I remain, as e ver, yours, truly, 
U. S. Agent for Seminoles, Seminole Agency. 
No. 89. 
August 23, 1855. 
SIR" In accordance witlh a regulation of the Department of Indian 
Affairs, I submit this, my annual report. On the,12th of August, 
1854, I concluded a treaty with the Quapaw tribe of Indians, 
agreeably to the letter of instructions received from the honorable 
Commissioner of Indian Affairs, with but one slight exception, which 
was explained in my letter transmitting the same on the 24th of that 
month. I also concluded- a treaty, on the 23d of 'that moffth, with 
the "United Nation of Seneca and Shawnee Indians," agreeably to
instructions, with but slight exceptions, which were'also explained in 
my letter transmitting the same on the next day. I then made 
arrangements to meet the Osage tribe of Indians in their country, 
and did so, to negotiate a treaty, with them, on the 25th of 
September, but, owing to many circumstances surrounding me, which 
were explained in my report of October 12, did not effect a treaty 
with them at that time; I am, however, of the opinion that a 
favorable treaty can be negotiated with them now, or hereafter, and 
have so advised the Office of Indian Affairs. For some reason, not 
known to the Indians, the treaties concluded with the Quapaws, 
Senecas, and Senecas -and Shawnees, were not ratified by the United 
States Senate at its last session, and they are consequently somewhat 
disappointed, having expected to-receive, the present year, the 
moneys stipulated in said treaties to be due them upon its ratification.
A large portion of the lands purchased from these smaller tribes are 
of excellent quality, well watered and timbered, and, since the 
negotiations were concluded here in August last, there has visited 
this country a large number of people, from all parts of the Union, a 
great majority of whom have called upon me for information as to its 
being open for settlement, and, after learning the situation of the 
country, would leave, expressing great regret that they could not be 
permitted to make improvements, &c. The drought has been to an 
extent unknown by the oldest inhabitants, for the past fifteen months, 
throughout this whole section of country, so much so that it has been 
very alarming, foreshadowing a famine. The crops among the 

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