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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1855
([1855])

[Southern superintendency],   pp. 119-177 PDF (23.0 MB)


Page 173

COMMISSIONER OF INDIAN AFFAIRS. 
1'S3 
reunion of the whole tribe in one settled body, should it please the 
government of the United Staies to allot the Seminoles a separate 
country. 
I would here take occasion to say that the agency buildings are, 
save one cabin, in a completely'ruinous condition, utterly untenant- 
able, and without accommodations for myself, visitors upon public 
business, and the Indians. 
Respectfully, your obedient servant, 
J. W. WASHBURNE, 
United States Agent for Seminoles. 
Dr. C. W. DEAN, 
Superintendent Indian Affairs, Fort Smith, Ark. 
No. 88. 
OAK RIDGE, August 20, 1855. 
DEAR Sin: I send you a short account of our station, labors and 
results among the Seminoles. 
Since last writing no new buildings have been put up. However, We 
are in need of better houses, could we obtain the funds to build With. 
it is more to be regretted now than ever that this people were not 
granted a school fund by the United States government as well as 
the other tribes of Indians. When we first came among them they 
were very much prejudiced  against the whites, and had no- desire to 
have their children taught; but now they are anxious to obtain a 
place in school, and evidently begin to appreciate learning. Not long 
since the head chief, with evident satisfaction, used one of our school 
girls as an interpreter. To use his own words, he said, "She can 
talk it all." When thi' little girl first came to the mission she could
not speak any English, and now she reads well and speaks quite 
plainly. 
Our school began in October, and was continued until April, with- 
out any vacation. All the children were reading, more or less. Con- 
siderable progress has been made in writing and figures. One class 
has begun to study geography. 
On the 30th of April Mrs. Lilley and I left our station to endeavor 
to obtain some medical relief for our eyes; Mrs. L.'s, in particular, 
wexe so much impaired as to hinder hei very much in attending to 
her duties. We went as far as New York. Mrs. L.'s sight is im- 
proved. We reached this, place again on the 28th of July. 
It has been remarked that a great change has taken place among 
the Seminoles since we first came here. Their dress is much improved. 
For 'he most part, they are clean whenever they visit us. Their moral 
character is improving. There is less-drinking. Religious-meetings 
are better attended; twenty-four joined our church Within the last 
year. The people are more disposed to be industrious. Last spring 
there was more corn planted than any former year. Had it been a 


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