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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1855

[Central superintendency],   pp. 68-118 PDF (20.8 MB)

Page 88

city. This tribe has prepared a large quantity of "sweet corn"
future use. 
The Ioway blacksmith finds full employment; he not only works at 
his forge, but repairs the wood work of their ploughs and wagons. 
For the operations of the Sac and Fox farm, I refer you to the re- 
port of the farmer and miller herewith. 
The school, under the charge of the Presbyterian Board of Foreign 
Missions, has been conducted, as usual, under the official superinten- 
dency of the Rev. Samuel Irwin. The whole number of pupils is 51; 
of these 29 are males and 22 females, who belong to the following 
tribes, viz: loways, 8; Sacs and Foxes, 4; Pawnees, 9; Sioux, 7; 
Blackfeet, 7; Ottoes, 5, and Cheyenne, 1. It is a source of extreme 
regret that the Indians are so obstinately averse to entrusting their 
children to this or any other beneficial institution. They well know 
that they are comfortably clothed, fed and cared for, and yet they 
prefer having them with themselves, to be reared in idleness, half 
naked, and frequently suffering for mere subsistence. They seem to 
believe that if they become educated and industrious, possessing the 
ability and means to procure a decent and comfortable livelihood, that 
they are lost to them and their tribe. This can only be accounted for 
by their own ignorance and degraded condition. I shall not cease to 
urge upon them the importance and actual necessity of teaching their 
children so as to fit them to compete in the great struggle of life with
the white man. 
All of which is respectfully submitted by your obedient servant, 
Indian Agent. 
Superintensent of Indian Affairs. 
No. 31. 
September 29, 1855. 
DEAR SIR: The statement furnished you this morning will show 
the number of scholars in school, the tribes from which they are 
gathered, as well as an outline of their progress in study. At pre- 
sent we are in want of a male teacher. On the first of the month 
Mr. McCain, who has been teaching for some time, closed his services 
in that capacity, and we have only Mrs. Fullerton, who is a good 
teacher, to carry on the school for the present. It is, however, far 
from the intention of the board to be without a male teacher, and one 
will be secured as soon as possible. 
We have not been sparing in our efforts to cultivate habits of in- 
dustry and labor among the children, both on the farm and in the 
house, and we think it has not been altogether a failure. The boys 
work well and regular on the farm, while the girls are equally indus- 
trious in the house. With some the question may arise whether they 

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