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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1855

[Minnesota superintendency],   pp. 48-68 PDF (8.7 MB)

Page 48

No. 14. 
Executive Office, St. Paul, October 31, 1855. 
SIR: The past year has not been marked by any event connected 
with Indians affairs in this Territory of such importance as to attract 
more than the ordinary attention of the public or the officers in 
charge of this branch of the public service. 
The late treaties, made at Washington with the Chippewa and 
Winnebago tribes, during the last winter, have been put in operation, 
and the Winnebagos removed to their new bome on the Blue Earth 
with a very trifling expense, and in a quiet and orderly manner, by 
their agent, General Fletcher. And, in obedience to your orders, 
they have selected their location, designated their boundary lines, and 
commenced ploughing, planting, and building, and in all respects 
show signs of contentment and ordinary prosperity. 
The people in the neighborhood -of the Winnebago tribe are much 
dissatisfied with their new neighbors; but, as I have heretofore stated 
to your office all the material facts touching the subject, it is deemed
useless again to refer to th lm. 
There has nothing occurred touching the interest of the Chippewa 
tribe that you are not familiar with, as most matters of interest have 
been connected with the making and carrying out their late treaties 
made at Washington. 
The Rev. J. Lloyd Breck has been, and is now, effecting more for 
the civilization of that tribe than has ever been done before, to my 
knowledge or information, and it is hoped that he may be encouraged 
and aided by the government. It is very desirable, in my judgment, 
that your office should take steps to place a heavy proportion of the 
school fund in his charge, and thus enable him to push forward the 
good work he has begun, and in which he has been so eminently sue- 
The condition of the Sioux has been greatly improved within the 
past year. They are not yet, however, quite content to stay upon 
their reserve; but this restless feeling is fast subsiding, owing to the
increased agricultural facilities on their reservation. A very large 
quantity of ploughing and planting has been done the past season, 
and the crops have yielded abundantly. Their mills have been com- 
menced and are rapidly progressing towards completion. 
The Sioux of Minnesota have been, and are now, peaceably disposed 
towards the government, notwithstanding the hostile attitude of some 
of theii tribe and kinsmen of the Missouri, the Platte, and the plains. 
They seem to deprecate the conduct of their friends and earnestly ex- 
press the hope that their Great Father will soon make peace with 
them. I have no reason to apprehend any difficulty with any of the 
Minnesota bands while they receive their regular annuity of money, 
goods, and provisions. At first it was thought prudent, after hearing 
of General Harney's battle with the Sioux on the Platte, to order that 
the guns and ammunition due them for this year be withheld until 
further orders from your office, and also to restrain the traders from 

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