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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1855
([1855])

Report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs,   pp. [1]-21 PDF (9.4 MB)


Page 10

REPORT OF THE 
ally lose their present sense of degradation and their disposition to 
lawlessness, and soon become a better people. If so situated, it is 
believed that their brethren in Florida would be induced peaceably to 
emigrate and join them, as it is understood that one of their prin- 
cipal objections to doing so now is the inferior and subordinate 
position to the Creeks in which they would be placed. 
The southern superintendency embraces within the Neosho agency, 
also the small bands of Quapaws, the Senecas, the Senecas and Shaw- 
nees, and the tribe of Osage Indians, all of whom, except the latter, 
are agriculturists, and are gradually improving in their condition 
and circumstances. The drought of the last and during a portion 
of the present year, though materially diminishing their resources 
and comforts, has fortunately resulted in no actual suffering among 
them. 
The Osages still continue their erratic and unsettled mode of life, 
trafficking, stealing from and warring with the tribes of the plains and
other Indians. They are suffering from the evil of having too large 
an extent of country, which naturally disinclines them to concentrate 
and settle down to industrial pursuits. Their title should be ex- 
tinguished to all except a small portion of their country; which they 
should be placed under stringent treaty obligations to remain upon and 
cultivate. During the latter part of the last winter, the small pox 
suddenly broke out amongst them and proved fatal to some four hun- 
dred of their number. A physician was immediately employed, who 
energetically commenced the work of vaccination, and thus checked 
the disease. 
The supervising agent reports an encouraging degree of success as 
attending the commencement of the colonization of the Indians of 
Texas, on the reservations granted by that State for the purpose. A 
majority of five different bands have located on one of the reserva- 
tions, and have conducted themselves in an exemplary manner. Vol- 
untarily abstaining from the use of ardent spirits, there has not been 
a gallon sold on the reservation, nor a case of drunkenness amongst 
them; nor have they, so far as known, been guilty of a single depre- 
dation upon any of our citizens. They are pleased with their new 
mode of life, and have displayed so much interest and industry in 
the agricultural operations commenced for their benefit, as to justify 
the conclusion that in a year or two more they will be disposed and 
able to maintain themselves, with but little assistance from the gov 
ernment. There is every prospect that in a short time the remainder 
of these bands will all join their brethren on the reservation. 
From a communication recently received from Agent R. S. Neigh- 
bors, to which your attention was heretofore called, it appears that 
the depredations and murders which have been committed within the 
State of Texas by Indians, and which induced that State to muster 
into service a military fbrce, under Captain Callahan, for its protec- 
tion, were committed by Lipans and Seminoles, who are organized on 
the west side of the Rio Grande. Upon a visit of the agent to the 
Rio Grande, he states that he was informed by the Mexican authori- 
ties that their government had appointed agents for those Indians 
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