University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
Link to University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
Link to University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
The History Collection

Page View

United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1855

Report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs,   pp. [1]-21 PDF (9.4 MB)

Page 8

reported, the agents have been instructed to notify the wrong doers 
that their acts were in violation of law and the faith of treaties, and 
that they must cease their trespasses and retire outside of the Indian 
reservations. Many of the intruders have wholly disregarded the 
admonitions and warnings of the officers of the Indian service, and 
to compel obedience and to vindicate the good faith and authority of 
the government in this behalf the military arm has been invoked and 
called into requisition; and under instructions recently issued by di- 
rection of the President, it is expected that all persons remaining un- 
lawfully upon any of the Indian reservations in Kansas Territory 
after a period to be fixed, and of which they will have notice, will be 
forcibly ejected therefrom. However disagreeable it may be to resort 
to this extreme measure, the condition of those Indians is such as to 
require it, and the obligations of the United States towards them can- 
not be discharged without its application. If persons within that 
Territory will persist in trespassing upon the rights of the Indians, 
after the admonitions so often repeated to them, all fair minds must 
sanction the proceedings of the government in its forcible expulsion 
of them from the Indian reservations. Causes of complaint and dis- 
satisfaction have also existed among the tribes who ceded their lands 
in trust to the United States, because of the encroachments of the 
whites upon these lands in advance of their being surveyed and offered 
for sale at public auction. The act of March 3, 1855, authorizing the 
President to cause these trust lands to be classified and appraised be- 
fore they are offered for sale, will, it is believed, enable the govern-
ment to execute the trust in good faith; and the agents have been in- 
itructed to assure the Indians that they may rely upon the faithful 
execution of the stipulations for the sale of these trust lands. 
The recent executive of the Territory in fixing the election districts 
and appointing voting places, and in establishing the executive office, 
did not regard the organic law, which excluded Indian reserves from 
its operation, but embraced several reservations within the districts, 
and authorized polls to be opened in them. He also established his 
executive office within the Shawnee country. The territorial legisla- 
ture, following his example, held its session at the ShawneJ mission, 
and by its enactments has embraced some of the Indian reserves within 
the organized counties-all which is clearly a violation of treaty stipu-
lations and the act creating the Territory. 
Many of the emigrants to, and settlers in the Territory of Kansas, 
are engaged in bitter controversy and strife in relation to the institu-
tions to be formed there, as applicable to the condition of the African 
race; yet the hostile factions seem to have no sympathy for the red 
man; but, on the contrary, many of both sides appear to disregard 
his interests and trespass upon his rights with impunity. 
The condition and circumstances of the four leading tribes of the 
southern superintendency-the Cherokees, Creeks, Choctaws and 
Chickasaws-continue to afford gratifying evidences of increasing 
prosperity and improvement in the elements of civilized life. The 
peace and good order prevailing amongst them and their earnest 
efforts to improve their physical and moral condition, entitle them to 
the warm and active sympathies of our people, and the liberal and 

Go up to Top of Page