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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the years 1921-1932
([1921-1932])

Report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs to the Secretary of the Interior for the fiscal year ended June 2, 1921,   pp. [1]-69 ff. PDF (26.8 MB)


Page 15

COMMISSIONER, OF INDIAN AFFAIRS. 
schools, with their graduates, contributed last year teachers, carpen- 
ters, farmers, housekeepers, etc.; the automobile factories sent out 
skilled Indian mechanics, and each year a number of Indians have 
been placed in factories for such training. Indians are on the stage 
and in the professions doing well. 
With productivity at a low ebb abroad and high prices at home, 
the problem of employment presses for solution, and it has been nec- 
essary in some localities to exert extraordinary effort to find work for
Indians. Because the Indian is gradually becoming a literate race 
he is fitting in wherever work is available. 
FIVE CIVILIZED TRIBES. 
Substantial progress was made during the year in winding up 
tribal affairs. In the Creek Nation all allotments have been com- 
pleted and members have been paid their pro rata shares of tribal 
funds, the unfinished business of that nation involving only the dis- 
position of approximately $244,000 worth of tribal property. In 
the Seminole Nation allotment work has been completed, members 
have been paid their pro rata shares of tribal moneys, and only 
$25,100 worth of tribal property remains to be disposed of. The 
Cherokee tribal affairs have heretofore been entirely closed. 
The largest and most valuable tribal property yet to be disposed 
of is the segregated coal and asphalt mineral deposits in the Choc- 
taw  and Chickasaw Nations, of which 424 tracts remain unsold, 
which embrace an area of 379,284.46 acres. Owing to unsettled 
financial conditions, the unsold coal and asphalt minerals in the 
Choctaw and Chickasaw Nations were not offered for sale during the 
year. There also remains unsold 2,330 town lots. 
There are 34,182 acres of land in the Choctaw and Chickasaw Na- 
tions reserved by coal and asphalt lessees for mining purposes sub- 
ject to lease by the Government for the benefit of said nations, ex- 
cept such portions thereof as are actually required by said lessees 
for mining purposes. During the year there has been collected as 
rental on this property a total of $17,740.86. 
The important remaining work relates to the individual affairs of 
some 18,500, known as the restricted class, or those having one-half 
or more Indian blood, from all of whose land restrictions have not 
been removed.. In less than 10 years the restricted period as applied 
under existing law will expire. This should be a period of construc- 
tive effort as regards the education of children of school age, the 
determination of those actually competent to manage their affairs, 
the wise conservation of lands and funds of those remaining under 
restrictions, the sale or leasing of their lands and the careful dis- 
bursement of proceeds for improvement of homes and equipment to 
promote self-support, and the fullest encouragement toward self- 
reliance and industrial efficiency, if the extension of the trust period
in a very large number of cases is to be avoided. 
The cashier for the Five Civilized Tribes handled a total of 
$19,853,181.54, including receipts and disbursements of all classes of 
funds. 
Indian money belonging to individual Indians amounting to 
$2,797,951.01 was expended for their maintenance, farms, buildings, 
live stock, and equipment. There was credited to individual Indian 
accounts the sum of $6,990,738.25. 
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