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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the years 1921-1932

Report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs to the Secretary of the Interior for the fiscal year ended June 2, 1921,   pp. [1]-69 ff. PDF (26.8 MB)

Page 13

Reservation indicate that a similar policy can be adopted on other 
reservations to the decided benefit of the Indians. Under this policy 
the Indians of several of the reservations are now forming stock 
associations which have for their object the improvement of the 
grade of their live stock. 
The dourine eradication work carried on in cooperation with the 
Bureau of Animal Industry to rid the various reservations of dis- 
eased horses has been practically completed, with the exception of 
the reservations in Arizona and New Mexico, where proper handling 
of the work for one or two years longer would insure complete 
extermination of the disease. 
Considerable attention has been given to the improvement of the 
dairy stock belonging to the Indians and the schools on the various 
reservations. Some of the schools now have the best dairy herds in 
their locality, from which the Indians desiring to engage in the dairy 
industry can be furnished first-class stock. 
The Indians, in common with others engaged in the live-stock 
industry, are'now facing the period of liquidation and adjustment 
in a manner indicating that their interests will be placed on a sound, 
permanent basis at an early date. 
The small appropriation of $100,000 available for this purpose 
during the year has. been of great benefit to the Indians. Under 
this plan Indians having no funds of their own have been provided 
with farming implements, seed, stock, and other articles, by the use 
of which they are assisted toward self-support. 
In the Northwest, larger acreages have been placed in cultivation 
by the Indians this year than ever before. This is possible quite 
largely by the use of reimbursable funds. In the Southwest con- 
siderable like expenditure has been made for sheep and cattle. The 
following extracts trom the reports of field officials will indicate the
benefit which the Indians have already derived from the use of such 
funds and suggest the need of future expenditures of this nature. 
SHOSHONE RESERVATION, Wyo.-"  On Tuesday I visited one Egan 
Bonatsie, of the, Crow Heart district, who was once puttering around 
on 5 acres of ground but who now farms and farms well 75 acres. 
He has about $800 worth of alfalfa this year and $200 or $300 worth 
of oats, in addition to potatoes and other vegetables for home use. 
He has been a liberal buyer under the reimbursable plan and is now 
fully self-supporting and is paying his agreements off by partial 
payments each fall when his crops are sold. I feel that reimburs- 
able issues have gone a long way toward making this man self- 
supporting and comfortable when it could not well have been ac- 
complished in the same length of time in any other manner." 
TONGuE RIvER RESERVATION, MONT.----" These Indians have no indi- 
vidual Indian money except the comparatively small amount derived 
from sale of their cattle. Allotments have not been made and they 
must-have some help in order to procure the farming equipment 
they need. Reimbursable funds expended here for farming equip-' 
ment and for the mill have been of great benefit to them. Young 
men are maturing each year and the aid given in the past does not 
fill their needs. Many of those now able to farm are. reasonably 
Well equipped, but the need for reimbursable issues is not past. 

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