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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the years 1921-1932

Report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs to the Secretary of the Interior for the fiscal year ended June 2, 1921,   pp. [1]-69 ff. PDF (26.8 MB)

Page 7

COMMISSIONER OF INDIAN AFFAIRS.                      7 
on. While this is a time when economy in every line is necessary it 
should be remembered that to allow children to grow        up in igno- 
rance and untrained, and therefore to continue to be unproductive, 
is false economy. Every child of every nationality in this country 
is entitled to an opportunity to get an education. 'Of all nationali- 
ties, certainly the Indians, the native Americans, are entitled to 
educational opportunities equal to those of all other nationalities. 
While there are many Indian children out of school because of lack 
(of school facilities, especially in the Southwest, fortunately in other
sections of the country conditions are changing rapidly and public 
schools are now available for a very large percentage of the Indian 
children in those sections. 
The placing of all Indian children in the public schools is the 
ultimate aim. In a majority of the States we meet with the heartiest 
cooperation in providing for Indians in public, schools. In order to 
assist State school authorities in enrolling and in maintaining regu- 
lar attendance of Indians in public schools, the following regula- 
tions have been formulated in accordance with an act of Congress 
as quoted therein: 
The following amendment to regulations approved February 28, 
1921, is hereby issued pursuant to the act of February 14, 1920 (41 
Stat. L., 408  410), which reads in part: 
Hereafter the Secretary of the Interior is authorized to make and enforce
such rules and regulations as may be necessary to secure the enrollment and
regular attendance of eligible Indian children who are wards of the Govern-
ment in schools maintained for their benefit by the United States or In tne
public schools. 
ARTICLE I. Superintendents of reservations or schools within the various
States shall, in every way possible, assist State, county, or local district
in compiling school censuses for their respective districts with a view to
all Indian children in school and enforcing their regular attendance in accord-
ance with the existing compulsory-education laws and regulations of the 
different States. 
ART. II. The compulsory-education laws and regulations of the different 
States in which Indians reside are hereby adopted as an amendment to regula-
tions concerning enrollment and attendance of Indian children in school,
ized by the above-quoted act of February 14, 1920. Where State, county, or
district officials care to do so, they may enforce such State laws and regu-
lations as embodied herein with respect to Indian children, and superin-
tendents and other Indian Service officials are hereby directed to cooperate
with said officials to the fullest extent possible in the enforcement of
said laws 
and regulations. 
If an Indian, on the ground of wardship, raises the question of jurisdiction
of State or county officials and his contention is well founded, then the
superintendent or other proper officials to whom the Indian appeals shall
enforce the above law and regulations referred to and authorized by the act
quoted above, using Federal agencies and officials who perform duties similar
to those named in the laws and regulations embodied herein. 
ART. III. Where Indian children, regardless of civil status, live beyond
limit of distance and thereby are exempt from attending public schools, or
where any other conditions prevent State, county, or district officials from
enforcing State laws and regulations, as provided in Article II hereof, and
their parents refuse or fail of their own free will to place them in a suitable
school, they shall attend a boarding school or schools (as far as eapacity
such schools is, available) designated by the Commissioner of Indian Affairs.
ALIT. IV. When parents fail or refuse to comply with Article III of these
regulations, the same punishment and fines shall be imposed on them as 
though their residence was within the distance for compulsory attendance
at a 
public school. 

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