United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1905, Part I
Report of the Indian inspector for Indian territory, pp. 705-792 PDF (36.9 MB)
REPORT OF INDIAN INSPECTOR FOR INDIAN TERRITORY. 707 imposed and which are enforced through the Department by removal from the Territory or closing places of business in case of nonpayment. The magnitude of the work incident to the change of ownership of lands in common to the individuals, properly enrolling those entitled to participate, and the establishing of the limits of existing towns, 300 in number, with the surveying and platting of same into lots and blocks, appraising and disposing of the lots therein for the benefit of the individual members of the tribes, supervising affairs and enforcing tribal laws, collecting and disbursing immense sums of money due as royalties, etc., and finally closing up all tribal mat- ters, giving to each member his share of the whole, each and every matter receiving consideration and instructions from the Secretary of the Interior and the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, is difficult to understand. The allotments by the Commission are nearly finished. The sur- veying and appraising of all towns are completed, and titles to lots from the nation to holders, executed by the principal chief of each nation, are passing as rapidly as possible after full payments are made. Indians are permitted to lease land for grazing and agricultural, and, under certain conditions for mineral purposes. Provision has been made by Congress for the care of insane per- sons and for the education of children of noncitizens or white people outside of incorporated towns. As the situation and laws pertaining to each nation are different, the same are discussed separately in this report. LEGISLATION. SEMINOLE AGREEMENT. An agreement with this nation, dated December 16,'1897, was rati- fied by Congress on July 1, 1898 (30 Stat. L., 567), providing for allotment of land in severalty. A supplemental agreement with the Seminole Nation, making pro- vision as to the citizenship rolls and the laws of descent, was entered into on October 7, 1899, ratified by act of Congress approved June 2, 1900 (31 Stat. L., 250), and also ratified by the general council of the Seminole Nation. These agreements were modified, or added to, by section 8 of the Indian appropriation act approved March 3, 1903 (32 Stat. L., 982), which provided for the extinguishment of the tribal government, for conveyances to allottees, and for homesteads. CURTIS ACT. Sections 1 to 28, inclusive, of the act of June 28, 1898 (30 Stat. L., 495), are what is known as the " Curtis Act" proper, and applied to the Five Civilized Tribes until and except where agreements have been duly entered into and ratified or otherwise modified by sub- sequent legislation.
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