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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1905, Part I

Report of the Indian inspector for Indian territory,   pp. 705-792 PDF (36.9 MB)

Page 707

imposed and which are enforced through the Department by removal 
from the Territory or closing places of business in case of nonpayment. 
The magnitude of the work incident to the change of ownership 
of lands in common to the individuals, properly enrolling those 
entitled to participate, and the establishing of the limits of existing 
towns, 300 in number, with the surveying and platting of same into 
lots and blocks, appraising and disposing of the lots therein for the 
benefit of the individual members of the tribes, supervising affairs 
and enforcing tribal laws, collecting and disbursing immense sums 
of money due as royalties, etc., and finally closing up all tribal mat- 
ters, giving to each member his share of the whole, each and every 
matter receiving consideration and instructions from the Secretary 
of the Interior and the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, is difficult 
to understand. 
The allotments by the Commission are nearly finished. The sur- 
veying and appraising of all towns are completed, and titles to lots 
from the nation to holders, executed by the principal chief of each 
nation, are passing as rapidly as possible after full payments are 
Indians are permitted to lease land for grazing and agricultural, 
and, under certain conditions for mineral purposes. 
Provision has been made by Congress for the care of insane per- 
sons and for the education of children of noncitizens or white people 
outside of incorporated towns. 
As the situation and laws pertaining to each nation are different, 
the same are discussed separately in this report. 
An agreement with this nation, dated December 16,'1897, was rati- 
fied by Congress on July 1, 1898 (30 Stat. L., 567), providing for 
allotment of land in severalty. 
A supplemental agreement with the Seminole Nation, making pro- 
vision as to the citizenship rolls and the laws of descent, was entered 
into on October 7, 1899, ratified by act of Congress approved June 
2, 1900 (31 Stat. L., 250), and also ratified by the general council of 
the Seminole Nation. 
These agreements were modified, or added to, by section 8 of the 
Indian appropriation act approved March 3, 1903 (32 Stat. L., 982), 
which provided for the extinguishment of the tribal government, 
for conveyances to allottees, and for homesteads. 
Sections 1 to 28, inclusive, of the act of June 28, 1898 (30 Stat. 
L., 495), are what is known as the " Curtis Act" proper, and applied
to the Five Civilized Tribes until and except where agreements have 
been duly entered into and ratified or otherwise modified by sub- 
sequent legislation. 

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