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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1905, Part I
([1905])

Report of mine inspector for Indian territory,   pp. 641-704 PDF (25.9 MB)


Page 704

704      REPORTS OF THE DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR. 
Summary of accidents by shot firing and explosions of all kinds occurring
in 
mines for the year ended June 30, 1905. 
Non- 
Cause.                           fatal and 
fatal. 
G a s   e x p l o s io n   . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . --- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - --  2 3 
Shot firing ...................................................................................
 17 
Missouri, Kansas and Texas Coal Co., explosion, cause unknown.-----------------------13
Explosion of powder------------------------------------------------------------4
Total-----------------      ------ --------------- - -- 
SUGGESTIONS IN REGARD TO MINE LEGISLATION. 
In concluding this report I beg respectfully to call attention to the 
fact that while the laws passed for the protection of the lives of the 
miners in the Indian Territory are excellent and amply sufficient for 
the points sought to be covered, there are a great many matters for 
which no legislation exists and which are continually being made 
matters of controversy and brought to the mine inspector for atten- 
tion. I respectfully suggest that a law ought to be passed compelling 
all mine owners and operators to notify the mine inspector when 
a new opening is made and to notify him when an opening has been 
abandoned. A large number of small openings are constantly being 
made without the knowledge of the mine inspector and being at a 
considerable distance he has no means of knowing of their existence 
until called to his attention from unofficial sources. 
A law should be passed, I believe, requiring a map or plan of each 
mine to be submitted to the mine inspector at regular intervals, and 
especially when a mine is abandoned, and this is necessary because of 
the danger to new mines when approaching or nearing old workings 
from water and other causes. 
A law regulating the character and use of explosives in mines 
would be beneficial and a law regulating the character of the oil used 
in mines should be passed for the reason that oil of an inferior and 
deleterious character is a menace to both the health and safety of the 
men employed in the mine. 
I think that some law should be passed specifying the conditions 
under which fire bosses or gas men should be employed and make 
their examinations of the mine. A law should be passed, I think, 
regulating the number of hours that a shot firer must take to perform 
his duties, many of the accidents from shot firing being -caused by the 
reckless haste and hurried manner in which shot firers perform their 
work, often firing from five to ten shots in rapid succession. 
There are other matters which, of course, could be suggested, but 
these are the principal ones which occur to me and which have been 
forced to my attention by questions arising in regard to the subjects 
above named, and in acting on such matters I have not been able to 
find any law guiding me in my attempts to increase the safety and 
protection of both lives and property. 
Respectfully submitted. 
WILLIAM CAMERON, 
United States Mine Inspector for the Indian Territory. 
Hon. ETHAN ALLEN HITCHCOCK, 
Secretary of the Interior, IWashington, P. C. 


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