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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1905, Part I

Report of mine inspector for Indian territory,   pp. 641-704 PDF (25.9 MB)

Page 699

of this inspection must be made in triplicate and copies furnished the local
union, mine inspector, and superintendent, and said copies signed by said
tion committee. 
SEC. 16. The pit boss shall inspect all working places at least once each
SEC. 17. In any case where a shot or shots have been left unfired by the
firer because he considers that said shot or shots are not properly prepared
are dangerous, the miner shall be required to prepare the shot or shots again
in accordance with the instructions of the shot firer. 
SEC. 18. When dynamite is used in cutting, shots must be prepared in such
manner as to be fired last. 
For operators:                       For miners: 
BENNETT BROWN.                       P. HANRATY, Chairman. 
J. C. REID.                          L. TEMPLETON. 
JAMES CAMERON.                       J. J. FEENEY. 
J. A. BOLEN.                         E. J. MCCLURE. 
JAS. ELLIOTT.                        GEO. GLENDENNING. 
T. W. CLELLAND, Secretary.           WM. LEWIS. 
The foregoing rules are recognized as the best compromise that 
could be reached between the two contending parties, there being a 
very wide and strong difference of opinion on the many points 
raised, which conflict of opinion arose from the clashing interests 
of the two parties to the agreement. However, these rules, if prop- 
erly promulgated and faithfully carried out, would no doubt have 
been productive of great good. I regret to say, however, that, 
with the exception of a few instances, these rules have been con- 
stantly evaded or disregarded, with the usual disastrous results. 
These rules have been printed and posted in a great many instances 
at the mines, but a mistake was made of there being no system 
adopted to promulgate and enforce these rules, which have been dis- 
regarded in many instances. 
In regard to the question of a safe explosive, it was found that 
parties have been selling to the miners a receipt for the manufacture 
of what is known as sugar powder, and which some of the miners 
were using unknown to the coal companies. Parties who interested 
themselves in this powder invited me to witness experiments prac- 
tically made in blasting coal in a mine operated by the Osage Coal 
and Mining Company and known as slope No. 14, or Klondike mine. 
I was very much pleased and surprised at the results obtained by this 
explosive, and I append hereto a report on these experiments, with 
a map showing the work done by one of the shots at the entry face: 
[Made in the Klondike mine, operated by the Osage Coal and Mining Company.]
SHOT NO. 1. 
This shot was in the face of a room 78 feet up from the entry. The hole 
was "gripping" and was 6 feet deep with 4 feet of coal on the heel
and 5 feet 
8 inches on the point of hole. 
We retired to a point on entry 154 feet from shot and felt no appreciable
vibrations of the air. The report was very mild and somewhat muffled. We
returned and examined shot within two minutes after ignition of power and
suffered no inconvenience from smoke. This smoke was light blue in color
and not as dense as that from black powder. Shot No. 1 was charged with 
2 feet 2 inches of white powder, well tamped with dirt dummies. The shot
good work and made excellent coal. In the opinion of those working in the
it would have taken at least 3 feet 6 inches of black powder to have performed
the same work. The condition of the coal produced by this shot, relative
percentage of slack, was very much in favor of the white powder, 

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