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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1905, Part I
([1905])

Reports of superintendents of independent schools,   pp. 415-440 PDF (11.7 MB)


Page 429

REPORT OF SCHOOL IN OREGON. 
429 
Much outside work has been accomplished during the year by various classes
in surveying fields, estimating capacities of bins, mows, stacks, etc., in
judging 
stock and seeds for points, in selection of seed, classification, cultivation
of class- 
room gardens, study of roots, development, soils, fertilization, etc. 
Another feature of our work that is nekW should be mentioned, I think. In-
stead of the ordinary study hour in vogue in all Indian schools and which
is too 
familiar to most people who will read this to need explanation, we have estab-
lished the custom of individual and independent study by students in their
own 
rooms. Students from the fourth grade and up leave school with their books
under their arms (most pleasing spectacle), which they study in their own
rooms for an hour from 7.30 to 8.30. Teachers are detailed to each home and
grade whose duty it is to pass from room to room to assist and coach. This
practice develops independent thinking and self-help, two things sadly lacking
in Indian nature. 
The school maintains a library of about 2,000 volumes, especially selected
as 
helpmeets in the kind of instruction most favored here. 
Religious instruction, while entirely nonsectarian, is not in any manner
neg- 
lected. Every Sabbath day ushers in its Sunday school work and simple talk.
In the afternoons musical concerts, lectures, or sermons are given; in the
even- 
ing Bible study and song service. Pastors of all denominations are welcomed
and have cooperated in our religious work, the Catholic and Episcopalian
churches being most active. 
A strong band of 30 pieces is maintained and trained to a high standard.
It 
affords faculty, students, and visitors much pleasure and is an excellent
assist- 
ant to the disciplinarian in keeping order, shaping conduct, and keeping
down 
the list of runaways. "He who hath no music in his soul," etc.,
is extremely 
applicable to primitive people, and many a dull student has been awakened
to 
strenuous endeavor through his musical sensibilities. The band has a two
months' engagement at the first-class parks and State fairs this summer,
which 
it is now filling most satisfactorily to management and public. In addition
to 
the band a very fine orchestra is supported and enjoyed. Choirs, choruses,
and 
glee clubs are given special attention. The energy expended at most schools
in professional athletics is devoted at Chilocco toward striving to develop
talent 
and love of good music. 
Athletics are not despised, however. Baseball, football, tennis, basket ball,
field and indoor gynastics are encouraged, but not to the neglect of literary
or 
industrial work, and never into professionalism. During the year we have
fl- 
ished a splendid stadium, centrally located, and large enough for games of
all 
sorts. Outdoor gymnastic appliances are supplied abundantly. This stadium-
together with the lagoon, wherein both boys and girls swim, fish, and boat
during 
the summer months and skate during winter-give the student body healthful
sport and recreation. 
S. M. McCowAN, Superintendent. 
REPORT OF SCHOOL AT CHEMAWA, OREG. 
CHEMAWA, OREG., September 1, 1905. 
A history of the institution has been given in former reports and is so well
known that I need not repeat it at this time. 
When I took charge, October 1, 1904, a great many of the pupils were at home
in vacation. Consequently the enrollment for the earlier part of the year
was 
very low. Arrangements were made as soon.as possible for large classes from
various points, including Yakima and Klamath; but just at the time these
were 
to be transferred an epidemic of measles broke out, making it impossible
to 
receive new pupils during the months of December, January, and February.
Consequently the enrollment could not be increased as desired until spring.
As 
soon as it was safe to bring pupils to the school I proceeded to do so, and
during 
the remainder of the fiscal year a large number were enrolled. Aside from
the 
measles the health of the school has been good. 
In the past special attention has been given to adding new buildings to the
school plant. Bids will be opened in a few day' for a new hospital, horse
and 
dairy barns, and employees' dwelling. When these are erected, the school
plant will be complete and one of the best equipped in the Indian school
service. 
Repairs.-I have this year submitted plans for remodeling the dining room


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