United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1905, Part I
Reports of superintendents of independent schools, pp. 415-440 PDF (11.7 MB)
426 REPORTS OF THE DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR. REPORT OF SCHOOL AT GENOA, NEBR. GENOA, NEBR., August 25, 1905. The new power house and extension of steam and electric-lighting system was completed during the year. This is proving better in every way than the old. Steam heat was installed in the employees' quarters. The new water plant was also installed. It has proved efficient, giving abundance of good water. The water is found to be much softer than what we used before. It does not scale the boilers to anything like the same extent. It is also free from contamination. An ice house was built, with capacity of 200 tons. A meat room and refrig- erator on one side of the ice house was constructed, so that meat can be kept better than in the old room over the power house and next to the bakery. A cement walk was put down in front, and the brick from the walk was used to make back walks to displaie wooden walks. Much attention was given to agricultural teaching, both in the schoolroom and in the field. All pupils receive instruction in nature study along agricul- tural lines, the most advanced pupils taking up Bailey's Agriculture as a text- book under the teacher of agriculture. Planting seeds and cultivating plants is made part of the schoolroom exercises. Classes are taken to the garden and field and orchard, and given the practical work. Classes of boys and girls spend considerable time in the orchard pruning trees. They planted a young orchard, large strawberry, asparagus, and rhubarb patches. A great variety and abundance of vegetables has been raised along with the teaching. Every large boy gets a course in milking and feeding cows. The dairy has given very good results. A herd of 28 cows gave over 16,000 gallons of milk for the year. The dairy herd is not as large as it should be, owing to the fact that the school farm will not give pasture and forage for a larger herd. The school farm contains about 300 acres. This includes campus, barnyards, orchard, garden, pasture, and farm land. We can not raise calves or colts. With more land we could raise the calves from the dairy, raise some colts, and teach the pupils how to care for these animals. The dairy herd could be doubled, and would furnish not only milk but sufficient butter for the school. The dairying industry is a very important one, and is rapidly growing here and in the entire region from which our pupils come. While our pupils are getting a good deal of dairying, we can not make the teaching complete with this small farm. The farm is in a better shape to give good results than it has been heretofore. Drain tile has been put in to reclaim land that had become too wet in the last few years to produce anything. This, with the open ditching done, will add considerably to the fertility of the farm. Red clover is being raised both for forage for cows and to increase the fer- tility. It is proving a great success. Red clover and alfalfa are proving very valuable crops. The work in schoolrooms has supplemented agricultural and other indus- trial work. The gospel of independence gained by hard work has been steadily taught. W. H. WINSLOW, Superintendent. REPORT OF SCHOOL AT CHILOCCO, OKLAHOMA. CHILocco AGRICULTURAL SCHOOL, OKLA., August 3, 1905. The present condition of the school plant is excellent. During the year just closed several improvements of importance have been made, which add greatly to the comfort, convenience, and efficacy of the institution. The water supply has been increased, so that now for the first time in many years there is suf- ficient for domestic purposes. When the present supply furnished by wells and springs is reenforced by a large reservoir that is in contemplation and that we hope soon to construct, this school will be amply supplied with water for all purposes. Leupp Hall, the name given to the large, handsome building just completed, and which is to be used for purposes of domestic economy, adds greatly to the appearance and efficiency of the domestic side of the school.
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