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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1905, Part I

Reports concerning Indians in Wisconsin,   pp. 371-380 PDF (4.4 MB)

Page 373

feeling prevailed among the employees; the children were happy and contented,
making good progress in their studies and very much interested in the industrial
work. The objections of the parents to sending their children to school had
been largely overcome, and there was a general feeling of interest in the
by all that was very encouraging. A temporary day school was arranged for
shortly after the fire and is being conducted in the council house. Only
a small 
number of the former boarding school pupils can be accommodated, owing to
limited capacity of the building and the distance the majority of the children
live from the school; fully 100 children are being deprived of school privileges.
St. Joseph's Industrial Mission School, under the supervision of Rev. Blaze
Krake, has completed a very satisfactory year's work. The school has been
crowded to its capacity during the entire year and the children have made
progress in their studies and industrial training. 
The Zoar Indian Mission school at the Pagan settlement is meeting with the
usual difficulty in securing a competent teacher that can be induced to stay
the school any length of time. The isolated location of the school, situated
a dense forest many miles from the nearest white settlement, among the most
uncivilized element of our Indians, makes the situation a very disagreeable
It is also very difficult to secure the attendance of the children at this
as the parents are opposed to the education of their children. Rose Miller,
present teacher, seems to be having better success and the last report shows
increased average attendance. 
The Lutheran Indian Mission School, located at Red Springs, on the Stock-
bridge and Munsee Reservation, in charge of the Rev. Mr. Kretzmann, with
W. Gleffe as teacher, secured an average attendance of 17.76. If hard work
and perseverance will accomplish desired results, the Rev. Mr. Kretzmann
eventually be successful in his efforts to build up a good school. 
The Stockbridge Day School, located at Red Springs, Wis., under the charge
of Mr. Koonz, principal teacher, has made material progress both as to enroll-
ment and advancenient of the pupils. The health of the children at all the
schools has been good, there being very little sickness of a serious nature.
Missionary work is confined almost exclusively to the Roman Catholics. 
They have three large churches and one industrial school on the Menominee
Reservation, and one church on the Stockbridge Reservation. A majority of
the Indians have been converted to their faith. The Lutherans have a mission
school and church at the Stockbridge Reservation, and a small industrial
school on the Menominee Reservation. Diligent work is being performed by
these denominations in their efforts to Christianize the Indians, and they
quite successful so far as membership is concerned, but seem to be unable
control or cope with the immoral conditions that prevail in their social
An utter disrespect for the marriage relation exists among a large propor-
tion of the Indians. Stringent measures are being taken to compel them to
resume their lawful marriage relations and take out marriage licenses and
proceed to be legally married. We are meeting with considerable success and
conditions are improving somewhat, more marriage licenses having been issued
the past year than in any previous year. 
The majority of the Indians drink to excess when they have the money to 
purchase the liquor. The completion of the new jail and the imposition of
fines have had their effect, and drunkenness is not as noticeable as it was
the latter part of the winter and early spring. Over 80 arrests have been
since April 24, and fines imposed by the court of Indian offenses amounting
nearly $500. 
One saloon keeper was arrested during the past year for selling liquor to
Indians. The Indians who agreed to furnish the necessary evidence failed
do so at the preliminary hearing. They were immediately arrested for bringing
liquor on the reservation, and at the June term of the United States court
victed and sentenced to sixty days in jail and a fine of $100 imposed. 
The Indian court continues to render efficient service and has been of great
assistance in settling disputes and cases that have been brought before it
during the past year. 
The general health of the Indians for the past year has been good. For the
first/time in many years the reservation is free from smallpox, not a single
having developed during the year. 
Considerable work is being done at the agency, repainting the buildings,
repairing sidewalks, fenc:es, etc., and the village will soon show a more
sentable appearance. This agency is sadly in need of a new office building,

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