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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1905, Part I
([1905])

Reports concerning Indians in Washington,   pp. 355-371 PDF (8.3 MB)


Page 367

REPORTS CONCERNING          I.NDIANS IN    WASHINGTON.             367 
agricultural and industrial school at Tulalip for the Puget Sound Indians.
The present 
75-pupil plant is new and well fitted, and additions will be made to the
plant this year 
to accommodate 30 more pupils. The addition will give a capacity of about
one-third 
of the children who could and would attend this school. After a period of
nearly three 
years of cessation of school work here over 100 pupils applied for admission
when the 
new school was opened here January 23, 1905. Many were turned away for want
of 
room, yet the attendance did not go below an average of 102 for the time
school was 
in session. The opening of this school was a gala day for these people. For
years 
the school had been promised. The children were as eager and anxious to attend
as 
were their parents to have them do so. For months before supplies arrived
the office 
was besieged by anxious parents inquiring as to when they could bring their
children 
in, and if the superintendent would be sure to save room for them. The proof
of the 
sincerity of the wish of these people came on the day of opening, when the
children 
and parents, very early in the day, could be seen coming from every direction.
The 
school and equipment did not appear to disappoint them in their high expectations
of 
what a Government school should be. 
From the day of opening until the day of closing no time was lost in the
work. 
Each employee and every pupil found his or her respective place and task
prepared 
and planned and took hold of the work as planned for each. This accounts
in large 
measure for the rapid progress made by the children in the few months that
school 
was in session. Thorough preparation in advance for the opening of school
had 
been made. This was done as rapidly as the arrival of supplies permitted.
No time 
was lost unnecessarily or attention diverted needlessly from the educational
work 
because of any lack of preparation. Many friends and neighbors of the school
came 
from all over the Puget Sound country to observe the work being done, and
went away 
well pleased with the results that were being obtained. A number of entertainments
was given by the school, and a series of illustrated lectures or stereopticon
talks was 
given by friends of the school living in other places. 
The only educational work for which we were not prepared was that along agricul-
tural lines. The new   school site had never been so used or occupied before.
The 
school farm was not yet laid out, cleared, or fenced, and no work could show
results 
on a farm where all the Indian stock might roam at will. The school farm
will, we 
trust, be a reality before the close of another school year, and we expect
the results 
to show some of the possibilities of a favorable climate and a fairly fertile
soil. The 
education in agriculture is the most needed among these people, and much
of their 
future success will depend upon what they can and will do in cultivating
their allot- 
ments. Industrial training along agricultural lines is demanded by the treaty,
by the 
conditions, circumstances, and environment of the Puget Sound Indians, and
by the 
Indian Office, and it will be made the principal course of training at this
school. 
The scholastic population of the Tulalip Agency is 470; of the Tulalip Reservation
alone it is 153. A large extra-reservation Indian population of treaty tribes
tributary to 
the agency exists in the Puget Sound country, dwelling chiefly in the river
valleys, and 
containing a scholastic population of perhaps 500. There are, however, living
directly 
on the reservations of the agency 470 Indian school children. The school
facilities, for 
which they are eager indeed, have been meager indeed. 
Missionary work.-The Roman Catholic Church has built a very neat and well-ar-
ranged chapel here. These people are, nominally at least, nearly all of the
Catholic faith, 
and seem to have appreciated the earnest efforts of Rev. Father Paul Gard
to give them a 
fitting and comfortable place of worship. The attendance at service increased
from the 
time the church was opened last winter, until it was decided to enlarge the
chapel by an 
addition almost equal in seating capacity to the original in order to accommodate
all 
who desired to attend. This addition will soon be completed, and the services
will soon 
be held regularly again. This building has been furnished and completed without
any 
contributions from the Indians or others on the reservation. Regular services
are held 
for three Sundays in each month, and all of the pupils who desire to attend
and partake 
in the worship are permitted to do so. 
Neighboring ministers visited the school during the school year, and were
invited to 
talk or hold such exercises as might be deemed proper for the children and
employees. 
Progress.-The people of this reservation have only had fifty years of desultory
con- 
tact with civilization. They have, however, made some progress, due to those
relations. 
Unfortunately they have acquired also many of the vices of their neighbors.
Compared 
with their life and civilization as it was fifty years ago, their present
state shows that 
they have made rapid progress, and this under unfavorable circumstances.
These Indians 
have had poor and meager school opportunities, and sometimes none at all,
yet some can 
read and write and many can talk a broken English. No Government school has
been 
given them until the past year. Very few appliances to work with have been
Issued to 
them. For a savage race, unassisted except by their own labors, with no knowledge
of 
farming, no money or resources, to be located in a forest and be expected
to make beauti- 
ful homes on dultivated lands, is more than a reasonable person ought to
expect. The 
Indian has not built himself a fine residence, nor has he cleared a fine
farm of 160 acres 
and brought it to so fine a stage of cultivation as may be observed on the
farms in the 
East, but he has a little home on his allotment and has cleared a garden
spot, hay field, 
and pasture, and is trying to make a home and raise his children better than
he was 
raised, according to our standards. He has deserted the easy life of the
child of the 
forest and taken up the strenuous, discontented white man's ways, and we
can say he Is 
progressing some. 
Court of Indian offenses.-The work of the Indian court the past year has
been as 
efficient and progressive and satisfactory as usual. It has been the means
of settling 
and adjusting family or neighborhood quarrels, punishing drunkenness, investigating
and 
arbitrating complaints. The court has readily accepted any responsibility
that might 
properly be placed on it, even beyond the usual functions of courts. The
work of the 
court has had a tendency the past year, as heretofore, to promote peace and
friendship by 
administering justice to all without fear or favor. The decisions of the
court are re- 
spected and obeyed, and I have only words of commendation for the valuable
assistance 
given me by our judges and policemen in the administration of justice. The
loyal sup- 
port of the court has been a common factor in many steps made toward the
advancement 
and betterment of our Indian people. 
Morality.--The moral code of the whites is as well observed by these people
as among 
their white neighbors of the same social status. Our moral code, perhaps,
does not agree 


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